The Good: Artificial Heart/Heart Transplant

Topics: Heart, Blood, Cardiology Pages: 3 (1126 words) Published: April 8, 2013
The Good: Artificial Heart/ Heart Transplants
A natural heart has two pumps, each has two chambers. The right atrium pumps oxygen-depleted blood from the body into the right ventricle. The right ventricle pumps blood to the lungs. The left atrium sends aerated blood from the lungs into the left ventricle, which pumps blood out of the body. With each heartbeat, the two atria contracts together, followed by the large ventricles.

Congestive heart failure is when the heart fails to pump blood. Heart failure will remain to be American’s number one health problem. Surgeons are coming up with many solutions to prevent and treat heart problems. Implanting a functional heart or artificial heart that last a lifetime will fix the problem. Heart surgeons are severely limited in their ability to repair the heart muscle once it has been damaged. When a person suffers from a heart attack, muscle cells die and a region of the heart stops contracting, a decrease in heart function then becomes permanent. Multiple heart attacks causes deterioration from viral infections, heart valve disease or other causes, heart failure may ensure. According to American Heart Association, more than 5 million Americans suffer from heart failure. 50 percent of those patients die within five years.

There are a few systems when person has heart failure such as, extreme fatigue (tiredness), heart failure on the left, right or both sides of the body. The main symptom is extreme fatigue. The patient is no getting enough blood pumped from the heart to his/her muscles. Heart failure on the left side of the body causes breathlessness, panting, coughing or with a frothy spit (with the cough). These signs will be more noticeable when a patient is active or lying down. This happens when blood backs up in the pulmonary veins because the heart cannot keep up with the supply, causing fluid to leak into the lungs. Heart failure on the right side of the body causes swollen ankles and/or legs, enlarged liver...

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