The Factors Influencing the Influx of West African Student in Migrating to Uk Universities/Colleges for Higher Education

Topics: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Motivation, United Kingdom Pages: 80 (24479 words) Published: June 23, 2013


STUDENT ID: 21403813


© Awojide Victoria 2011

Factors influencing the influx of West African students in migrating to UK Universities / Colleges for higher education.


This dissertation is to critically analysis the factors influencing the West African student coming to the United Kingdom for studies. Therefore, this research aims to uncover the factors that motivate them into the UK for higher education in her Universities and colleges with the objectives which include; Examine the factors influencing West African Student; analyze the strategies adapted by UK Universities and Colleges to influencing student into Schooling in UK; investigate the role UK government plays in inflow of student into its Universities and Colleges, and to draw definitive conclusion from the findings.

Prior to the independence periods in the West African region, the West Africa students had been trooping into United Kingdom for study; it has also been argued that, International students have been coming to the UK for centuries. In the post war years their number increased slowly and steadily – and then very significantly – but in terms of the ‘UK experience’, each decade had very particular characteristics and features. this is not a surprise putting into consideration the colonial links between the United Kingdom and some African countries, especially West African. But the rate at which the students from the region are trooping into United Kingdom to study has been increasing in the recent years. According to a publication on International student numbers in UK, the number of international student in higher education institutions have increased by over 60% in the last five years. “In 2003/04 there were 213,000 international students and 104,000 students from other EU countries in UK higher education institutions (HEIs)”, the report said. These foreign students contribute about £4 Billion annually to the UK economy, (

Several researchers have investigated the factors that influence international student using different approaches: PULL and PUSH factors which are related to home countries and host countries, McMahon (1992). So also examining of the various theories and model of motivation as postulated by various researchers (McMahon (1992), Mazzarol and Soutar (2002), Cole, 1995, p.119, Garry R, 2001, Hertzberg et al. (1959), Taylor (1947), Mayo, (1975), Maslow (1970), Schein (1980).

The finding shows that job opportunity, career, facilities, and the high standard of education in UK are among the factors influencing the influx of the international students from West African into UK. It is also concluded that, UK institution has been playing a significant role in winning the interest of the international students into their institutions. Branding and various marketing strategies have been in use to entice the students, for admission. It is also concluded United Kingdom government have also actively pursue policy of making UK education the best in the world; making it number one and a force to be reckoned with. All these have been contributing toward the influx of the international students into UK.

However, this research work could be concluded to have achieved its objective to a reasonable level based on the cross examination of literature review, finding and conclusion all which were used to justify the triangulation approach in order to address the research question. However, there seem to be a lot of question which remained unaddressed. Some clarifications need to be...

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