children in today’s society. Positive things are never
discussed. Is it because single parenting is considered in
this society lower class? Our constitution speaks about
our rights as a citizen and nowhere in the constitution
does it state that single parenting is illegal, lower
class or un-human (Mitter 1992).
There are various reasons why single parenting occurs. A
person may want to be single and have a child by opting to
adopt or artificial insemination but majority of single
parent form homes by unforeseeable occurrences such as
sudden deaths or abandonment by a parent. Approximately,
One third of the family populations are growing with just
a single parent (Bates 1992).
Regardless if the single parent’s race or gender,
being a single parenting is difficult job. Making sure
that a child is taught properly in all areas is a task
that all single parents fear. To believe that your
children’s success and foundation comes solely from that
one parent, is a thought that hunts a single parents
thoughts. Bates (1992) suggested that keeping a family in
strong Christian faith strengthens parent-child bonds. At
times, that’s the only thing a person can really lend on.
Purpose of Study
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of
In preparing a study on this issue, key questions
should be asked. They are as follows:
Do single parents have time to spend with their children? Are single parents the source of income for their families? Are single parents limited in dating and other social and social activities? Are single parents conceived more negatively than
parents with mates?
Are there fewer arguments within single parent homes?
Are children in single parent homes more independent than most children or more likely to get involved in misbehavior? Is there a closer bond with single parents and their children than parents with mates?
Definition of Terms
Single Parent Family: A family consist of only the
mother or the father and one or more dependent children.
Divorce: To end marriage with (one’s spouse) by way of
Stress: A mentally or emotionally disruptive or
upsetting condition occuring in response to adverse
external influences and capable of affecting physical
Disappointment: A feeling of dissatisfaction that
results when your expectations are not realized.
Balance: A stable mental or psychological state or
emotional stability to develop a harmonious or satisfying
arrangement or proportions of parts or elements, as in a
Single Parent Support groups: Organizations that allow
single parents to meet new friends with similar challenges
while expanding the opportunities for their children
through sharing ideas and support to over come obstacles
with the help of extended family of other caring parents.
Responsible: Able to make moral or rational decisions on
one’s own and answerable for own behavior.
Review of Literature
This review of literature will be an examination of
studies on single parenting. The studies viewed in this
section are related to the ups and downs of single
parenting during their everyday routines.
Bernstein, J. (1995) interviewed with a man named Charles
Murray about why the majority of single parents are on
welfare. Believing that this circumstance comes from the
environment of the adult, Murray believes that being a
single parent and on welfare will be an on-going cycle in
certain instances. Guest-Zoil, Thomas and Kalil (2006)
believed that single parent families expenditures are
consciously decided than couples with mates because of
funds. Making single parents more resourceful. Some
individuals believe that having a father figure in a
child’s life is needed. “It helps with balance and
uncertainties with raising a child” Besharov and Gardiner.
According to Popenoe, D. (1996), single parent families
are in high- risk of failure when socializing in today’s
society. “A child should be well prepared instead of
somewhat prepared” (1996).
Faggon (1994) did a research on the pros and cons of
single mothers and single fathers coming to a conclusions
of “no differnces when love and support is present”. When
it comes to single parenting, negativity comes. Because of
this negativity is because some parents become very
stressed out and are not applicable to look a situations
in a more positive light(Mulroy 1998). Raising a child in
any situation is a tedious task. Making sure that the
child understands life and its ups and downs has always
been a parents biggest fear(Faggan and Coontz 1997).
Parents can overcome negative stereotypes by believing in
themselves and knowing that they are doing the best they
can and giving there loved ones love and support(Mulroy
Mitter, N. (1992). Single Parent by Choice: A Growing
Trend in Family Life. Insight Books.
. Mulroy, A. E. (1998). Women as Single Parents:
Confronting Institutional Barriers in the Courts,
the Workplace and the Housing Market.Auburn House.
Pasons, T., (1998, 7 September). Charles does know pain
of single parent. The Mirror.
Popenoe, D. (Spring 1996). A World without Fathers.
The Wilson Quarterly, Vol. 20.
Saintonge, S., Achille A. P., Lachance, L. (1998). The
Influence of Big Brothers on the Separation-
Individuation of Adolescents from Single-
Parent Families. Adolescence, Vol. 33.