Mining is one of the biggest issues all over the world. It is also one of the great contributing factors in economic progress, health related and environmental issues. Mining is the extraction of valuable materials and non-renewable resources such as petroleum, natural gases, or even water from the earth, from an ore body, lode, vein, seam or reef, which forms mineralized package economic interest of miner. It is required to obtain any material that cannot be grown through agricultural process or created artificially in the laboratory. Miners are exposed to various potential toxic or harmful materials or agents, including, but not limited to, fuels, reagents, solvents, detergents, chemicals, coal dust, silica dust, diesel particulate matter (DPM), asbestos, noise, welding fumes, poisonous plants, and metal dust. This causes lung disorders, hearing loss or impairment, physical disorders and dermatitis/skin disorders. Environment is also affected by mining. Erosion, formation of sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, and contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water by chemicals are one of them. In some cases, additional forest logging is done in the vicinity of mines to increase the availability room for storage of the created debris and soil. In wilderness mining may cause destruction and disturbance of ecosystems and habitats and in areas of farming it may destroy productive grazing and croplands. In urbanized environments mining may produce noise pollution, dust pollution and visual pollution. The governments, non-governmental organizations, communities, and mining organizations expect from the mining companies to plan for and mitigate impacts associated with the development projects. Even though there are some precautionary measures about mining still there are some issues and concerns regarding the health of the people and the environment. The researcher would like to study further the effects of Gold Mining. This would also serve as...
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