The Effects of Bullying in School for Students
Violence in the education which happens frequently is the fact. In Jakarta, students’ brawl almost happens every week, so that it is no longer interesting for those journalists. So far, when talking about the violence in students’ life, the topic that often presents is about students’ brawl, whereas there is the other kind of violence in students’ life that has more dangerous effects. It is bullying. Bullying often occurs in students’ society at both the high school and elementary school. Bullying is one type of violence that occurs among students with a wide variety of forms, both in the form of physical violence or mental violence. “Bullying is a type of aggressive behavior.” (Andershed, Kerr, & Stattin, 2001; Cowie, 2000; Leary, Kowalski, Smith, & Philips, 2003; Roland & Idsoe, 2001; Salmivalli & Nieminen, 2002).”. “Bullying has two key components: repeated harmful acts and an imbalance of power. It involves repeated physical, verbal, or psychological attacks or intimidation directed against a victim who cannot properly defend him- or herself because of size or strength, or because the victim is outnumbered or less psychologically resilient. Bullying includes assault, tripping, intimidation, rumor-spreading and isolation, demands for money, destruction of property, theft of valued possessions, destruction of another’s work, and name-calling. (Sampson, Rana, 2003).” “Persecution case which done by "Nero" group to the students in Pati, Central Java, Indonesia, included in bullying category. (el-tarbawi. No.I.Vol.IV.2011).” It also happens in many schools in Indonesia. Bullying that we often focus on is just a small set of many cases of "bullying" that is rarely recognized by people, even teachers who are parents for students in school. Though small things such as ridicule or mocked-forming gangs in schools based on the economic level, for example, can also be categorized as "bullying", so "bullying" is not just a form of "attack" of a group of gang against an individual, but also things that cause students to feel isolated even be categorized as "bullying". “There are several types of bullying: Verbal bullying includes name calling, taunting, cruel criticism, abusivephone calls and extortion of lunch money, among other things. It is the most common form of bullying. It is also the easiest form. It is common among junior and senior high school students and is easy to do. All it takes is saying something harmful or violent to someone. Physical bullying includes kicking, pushing, punching, slapping, hitting and other forms of physical contact. Physical bullies use their power to hurt others. This type of bullying is the most dangerous type of bullying because it can hurt the victim physically. Relational bullying includes ignoring, isolating, excluding and spreading rumors, among other things, about a person.” . Therefore, every teacher should have this understanding so as to overcome or prevent the occurrence of "bullying" among students which can cause a variety of effects. Moreover, in 2013 curriculum, teachers are expected to participate in emphasising the behavior of the students. It means the role of the teacher is very necessary to create good behavior in students. This is especially relevant when teachers have the skills to understand the environment of students who also took part in addressing issues such as "bullying". The teacher should be aware of it because there will be the effects of bullying for students. The effects of bullying at schools for students will be found on their behaviors at school, home, and their environment. "Bullying" which happens among students is caused by various factors. There are internal factors and also external factors. For the internal factors, we can see from two different factors. They are biological factors and psychological factors. “Biological factors reflect the developing nervous system in childhood and adolescence, and the...
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