The battle at Shiloh

Topics: Confederate States of America, Ulysses S. Grant, American Civil War Pages: 5 (1745 words) Published: May 9, 2014

The Battle of Shiloh
History 217 Dr. Tew


Dr. Tew
Important Event in History
April 21, 2014
The Battle of Shiloh
​Early in the morning of April 6 to 7, 1862, the Battle of Shiloh took place. This was in the early, middle of the Civil war. The battle took place in Hardin County, Tennessee. This war was fought between Americans. The North side was the Union who believed in keeping the Union intact. The Union was the twenty Free states and five border slave states which supported it. The South side was the Confederacy; this was the people who wanted to form a Confederate Government. The confederacy was the eleven states that ceded from the Union to oppose the decision to abolish slavery. The battle was also called the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, one of the major battles in the Western Theater. Ulysses S. Grant and Don Carlos Buell are the Commanders and Leaders of the Union. Albert Sidney Johnston and P. G. T. Beauregard are some of the Commanders and Leaders of the Confederacy. The Union held strong at 66,812 men and the Confederacy stood at 44,699 men. In the end, the Union would rise to a victory but not without lose. This is considered one of the turning points of the war. The battle was won by the commanders, strategy, and location. ​The man who made the biggest difference in the Union was Ulysses S. Grant. Ulysses S. Grant attended West Point military academy when he was seventeen. Grant served in the Mexican-American War. After Grant trained Union troops, he was promoted to Colonel. He was a gentleman in battle and in peace. Grant performed well in battle and after amazing feats as a Commanding officer, he was promoted to Commander. Then he went on to capture Fort Donelson and promoted to Major General by Abraham Lincoln. The leadership that Grant presented was his exquisite leadership and even luck that came in handy at Shiloh. The training that Grant received made it the man for the job. The other man who made the difference on the Union side was Don Carlos Buell. He was a career officer who had fought battles like the Seminole War and the Mexican American War. ​The man who made a big difference in the side of the Confederacy was Albert Sidney Johnston. He had seen extensive action in the Texas War of Independence, Mexican-American War, and the Utah War. Johnston was considered to be the finest and second highest ranking general officer in the Confederacy. Johnston was just under Robert E. Lee. Johnston was killed at the battle of Shiloh. He was the highest ranking officer, Union or Confederate, killed during the entire war. The belief was that the loss of a great military leader such as Johnston was the turning point in the war. P. G. T. Beauregard was a civil engineer at the United States Military Academy. Beauregard received distinction in the Mexican-American War. P. G. T. Beauregard was called into a meeting at West Point in 1861. This meeting took place after the south had seceded. Beauregard resigned and became a first brigadier general in the Confederate States Army. Beauregard was the leader of several key battles including Shiloh and was very highly recognized. This influential leader was one of the men that were surrendered after he convinced Jefferson Davis the war had to end. ​The strategies that were used in the Battle of Shiloh had many outcomes unexpected and yet that is what the most important fact of the battle is. The Union army was encamped with six divisions on the Tennessee River. Ulysses S. Grant spread his men too far apart. This was a disadvantage that would later cost them when the element of surprise came around. However, the Confederates were poorly armed with weapons meant for anything but war. One had surprise and the other had power. There was some worry that came from P. G. T. Beauregard, in the fact that they had been marching, drilling, and testing rifles; the Union forces remained totally unaware of the enemy that would soon attack. On April...
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