The Amritsar Massacre took place on April 13th 1919. It was committed by the British, who were colonized in India from the 1600’s to 1945. Before the Amritsar massacre, there was tension between Indian civilians and the British colonies for decades. This caused protests, mostly peaceful, throughout India. In March of 1919 the British passed the Rowlatt Act, invading the Indians privacy and decreasing their rights. On April 6th leaders of a peaceful protest against the Rowlatt Bill were arrested followed. This caused riots by the followers of the Indian protest leaders.The Massacre changed many Indians feeling toward the British Empire in India. The Indians were treated with little respect from the British, the Indians’ behavior by leading protests against British rule was taken too seriously by the British. The Indians’ actions and behaviors should not have resulted in the Amritsar Massacre. After the massacre, India thought that the British Rulers ruled with disrespect; therefore, India’s relationship with Great Britain was damaged. Over the years, tensions have risen between them. This was the last straw for Indians. Indians wanted an independent government. The Indian National Congress stepped in to gain independence and justice for India. It took several decades but after the intelligence and convincing of strong leaders, like Mohandas Gandhi and Chandra Bose, and civil disobedience, India finally gained independence in 1945.
During the British colonization in India it was known as British-India. Even though there was more Indians living to India than Europeans, the Europeans had more power and control than the Indians. Therefore they passed a bill called the Rowlatt Bill. This made the Indians very angry with The British Government. More and more Indians wanted independence from Great Britain. Many Indians had peaceful protest and took risks to get what they wanted. "The oppressive Rowlatt Act and Gandhi's protests against it propelled Gandhi from being an obscure politician into an internationally prominent figure. Peaceful demonstrations were led by a Hindu and a Muslim’s, surprising the British but resulting in Hindu-Muslim unity. One leader was Safi-ud-Din Kitchlew, a Kashmiri Muslim who studied at the University of Cambridge with Jawaharlal Nehru and who was an eloquent speaker. The Hindu leader, Dr. Satyapal, was a physician from a middle-class family who suggested peaceful and constitutional means to obtain political freedom." (Historic World Events) (THE END OF THIS QUOTE DOES NOT SEEM NEEDED AND MORE BACKGROUND ON THE SPECIFIC IMPACT OF THE ROWLATT ACTS IS NEEDED) Many Indians didn’t like or approve of the Bill of Rowlett, they thought it was an invasion of privacy and it was unfair. Gandhi and other leaders wanted to peacefully work things out with the British government. A leader of the Indian protest, Dr. Satyapal, got arrested during one of the peaceful protests. In reaction, the Indians started rioting. The Indians burnt down British buildings and killed several Europeans. When Dyer, a British military leader, heard of the rioting, he sent out strict restrictions. All power was cut from Indian homes, a strict curfew that Indians had to be in their homes by 8p.m. was placed, and a no-meeting policy was made. People who didn’t participate were arrested or flogged. The Amritsar Massacre was committed by Dyer, a military leader, and his troops. For 3 centuries the Indians have seen everything through the British’s eyes. During World War I, the Indians showed their loyalty to Great Britain by fighting for them on all fronts. In 1919, the government passed a bill called the Rowlatt Act. The Rowlatt Act passed in March of 1919. Mohammed Ali Jinnah, who was a politician for India, disagreed with this act and resigned from office to protest against the Rowlatt Act. Since this act was passed, many people thought of the government as uncivilized. Dyer and O'Dwyer, Governor of India, were the chief...
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