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Land reform in the Philippines has long been a contentious issue rooted in the Philippines 's Spanish Colonial Period. Some efforts began during the American Colonial Period with renewed efforts during the Commonwealth, following independence, during Martial Law and especially following the People Power Revolution in 1986. The current law, theComprehensive Agrarian Reform Program, was passed following the revolution and recently extended until 2014.
1.1 American period
1.2 Commonwealth Period
1.2.1 Rice Share Tenancy Act of 1933
1.4 Ramon Magsaysay administration
1.5 Macapagal administration
1.5.1 Land Reform Code
1.6 Marcos administration
1.7 Corazon Aquino administration
1.8 Ramos administration
1.9 Arroyo administration
2 Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program
3 See also
5 External links
Much like Mexico and other Spanish colonies in the Americas, the Spanish settlement in the Philippines revolved around theencomienda system of plantations, known as haciendas. As the 19th Century progressed, industrialization and liberalization of trade allowed these encomiendas to expand their cash crops, establishing a strong sugar industry in the Philippines on such islands and Panay and Negros.
The United States of America took possession of the Philippines following the Spanish-American War in 1898 and after putting down the subsequent rebellion in the Philippine-American War. The Second Philippine Commission, the Taft Commission, viewed economic development as one of its top three goals. In 1901 93% of the islands ' land area was held by the government and William Howard Taft, Governor-General of the Philippines, argued for a liberal policy so that a good portion could be sold off to American investors. Instead, the United States Congress, influenced by agricultural interests that
References: 2. Jump up^ Seekins, Donald M. (1993), "The First Phase of United States Rule, 1898-1935", in Dolan, Ronald E., Philippines: A Country Study (4th ed.), Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, retrieved 2007-12-25 3 5. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Manapat, Carlos, et al. Economics, Taxation, and Agrarian Reform. Quezon City: C&E Pub., 2010.Print. 8. Jump up^ "Republic Act No. 3844 : The Agricultural Land Reform Code of the Philippines". August 8, 1963. 12. ^ Jump up to:a b c Russell Arador (2007-05-04). "Life once 'sweeter ' at Hacienda Luisita". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2008-03-25. 15. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Yap, DJ (June 29, 2013). "4 haciendas distributed; 270 sugar farmers cheer". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 29 June 2013.