The Coliseum was created during the time of A.D. 70-72 by Emperor Vespasian of the Flavian dynasty as a gift for the Roman people. The Coliseum was opened in A.D. 80, Titus (Vespasian’s son) opened the Coliseum. It was truly known as the Flavian Amphitheater. There would be 100 days of games per year, including gladiators fighting, and animal fights. The humans fighting would usually be granted freedom (most were slaves) if they defeated their opponent. After 4 centuries of use, the arena was no longer used. Two thirds of the coliseum has been destroyed over time but the Roman Coliseum still continues to be a defining symbol of Rome and its long history. The Coliseum is an elliptical amphitheater that is situated east of the Roman Forum. The Coliseum is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering and is also made of concrete, wood, sand, marble, and stone in Rome, Italy. This amphitheater can cold between 50,000- 80,000 people and is used for battles and dramas. Nowadays, most of it has been ruined because of earthquakes or thieves, who steal part of the stone. In 2007, the Coliseum became one of the 7 wonders in the world. Nowadays, the Coliseum is also shown on the Italian 5-cent euro coin. A cool fact about the Coliseum is that it was built near the huge statue of Nero (a Roman emperor who ruled before Emperor Vespasian). In addition, the name Coliseum may have come from the word Colossus. The main purpose of the Coliseum was to host gladiatorial battles, which were the main source of entertainment in the Roman Empire. The Coliseum also held mock sea battles, where famous sea battles would be replayed. Munera (or unsponsored shows) were also very popular at the time. Frequently, there would be religious elements in the acting as well. The Coliseum also hosted animal hunts, where gladiators would kill animals (often rhinos, bears, lions, elephants, and tigers). In addition, executions would also...
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