The Advantages and Disadvantages of Solar Electricity System in New Zealand

Topics: Photovoltaics, Solar cell, Sun Pages: 6 (2141 words) Published: August 23, 2013
The advantages and disadvantages of solar electricity system in New Zealand

Abstract
The paper focuses on elaborating the issues that are involved in the use of the solar electricity systems in New Zealand. This also includes the advantages and the disadvantages of the use of the solar system comparing to the other sources of electrical power. The research also explains about the environmental effects of the solar power to the country of New Zealand. It also seeks to identify the costs that are involved and the pay backs from the solar power that is used in New Zealand. Therefore, the research paper gives the recommendation after presenting the overview of the assessment of the numerous issues related to the use of solar energy electrical systems. This gives the reliable information that is needed in order to understand the issue concerning the increased growth of solar system usage in homes, public facilities, and business. Key words: Photovoltaic, solar energy systems,

The advantages and disadvantages of solar electricity system in New Zealand Introduction

The solar radiation is considered to be a source of sufficient energy that is not a pollutant, free of charge and renewable. In New Zealand, there is ample radiation in numerous locations. The level of radiation in areas like Invercargill is similar to that of Germany. There are twenty to thirty time of the exposure of the solar energy for numerous New Zealand homes. Therefore, this home uses the energy from the sun instead of the electricity or gas. However, the energy is not yet established as a main source of energy in the areas.

There are about 2000 hours of bright sunshine in New Zealand per year on average. The country has about 4kWh/m2 per day in form of energy that is acquired from the sun. Therefore, the homes in New Zealand with 3kW Photovoltaic panels they receive ample power that can satisfy them for over a quarter year in terms of their residential electricity needs. The solar energy is used for various purposes in New Zealand (EECA, 2012). The solar energy is used to warm water through various designs in buildings that capture and store the heat energy. The solar energy is also used to generate electricity through the use of Photovoltaic panels that act as the semi conductors for the generation of electricity. There are other concentrators of the solar power technologies that use mirrors for the focusing of the thermal energy. There are turbines that can also be used by being turned by a super heated steam in order to generate electricity. According to EECA (2012), there are numerous New Zealand homeowners who have managed to install the heating systems making the number to be up to 3400 solar heating systems that are said to be installed per year. However, the number is also said to be growing at a rate of 40% very year. There various solar heating programs in New Zealand focusing on the increase of the consumption of solar water heating systems for homes, business, and public facilities. Methodology/ Research plan

The research on the use of solar electric systems by various homes and businesses in New Zealand was conducted in order to identify the advantages and the disadvantages of the systems as experienced by the users. The method of data collection was through conducting interviews on the parents in the homes and the workers in the business that used the solar electricity systems. It was expected that both the parents at the homes and the workers at the businesses to be relaxed in order to ensure that the procedure was effective. There were challenges that were involved during the process of conducting the interview. One of the limitations was that the process was time consuming and required a lot of financial resources. In other places the physical surrounding was not conducive to conduct the interview due to the disruption from noise and other things. However, the data collection activities were completed and the data that was...
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