Thailand problem in economic development
Thailand economic experiencing difficulties in pursuit of economic development
In the past Thailand is one of the great countries among South-East Asia. Thailand is one of only 3 countries in Asia that never been colonized by European country. If looking back to 30-40 year in the past. Thailand is fast growing country in South-East Asia and could be competitive with Taiwan or Korea. But over past 10 years Thailand is slowly develop and can’t compare to country like Taiwan or Korean anymore. Some said now we compare with Vietnam. There are numerous reasons that cause Thailand experiencing difficulties in pursuit of economic development.
In economist study there are four main reason that make country slow developing. There are low capita income, social & culture block, Lack of management and government administrative, and population explosive. But deeply in Thailand only two main reason from my point of view, there are 1) Lack of good management by the leader of the country and human resource 2) citizen of the country problem.
First of all our leader of country still have a problem in management skill. To drive country to another level leader must have understanding country and vision for the future. Without vision and understand country won’t be developing. For better to understanding why Thailand difficulties in pursuits of economic development and solution, we need to know in every part of the country include background, history, geography and social life. Thailand History
First of all Thailand’s History began around the 10th century, when the Thais migrated from southern China into mainland Southeast Asia and later established the independent states of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya.
Sukhothai, The First Thai Kingdom, Sukhothai was part of the Khmer empire until 1238, when two Tai Chieftains seceded and established the first independent Tai kingdom. This event is considered to mark the founding of the modern Thai nation. At the same time other Tai states such as Lanna, Phayao and Chiang Sean, were established by forming alliances with the other Tai Kingdoms Adopted Theravada Buddhism as the state region with help of Sri Lankan Monks. Under the rule of King Ramkhamhaeng(1280-98), Sukhothai enjoyed a golden age of prosperity. During his long reign, the present Thai alphabet evolved, Theravada Buddhism becomes more entrenched, and the foundations of present-day Thailand were securely established.
The rise of Ayutthaya, Further to the south, the glories of Sukhothai were to be short lived. During the early 14th century, a rival Thai kingdom began to develop. 1350, the ambitious ruler, known as Phaya U thong, move his capital to a nearby island in the river which would be more defensible, giving the new city the name Ayuthaya. Ayutthaya soon eclipsed Sukhothai as the leading Thai power. By the end of the 14th century Ayutthaya was the strongest power in Southeast Asia. During the Ayutthaya period, the basis of Thai common law, civil economic and military reforms was introduced.
The fall of Ayutthaya, After Ayutthaya surrenders to Burma. David Wtatt, in Thailand: A short history, wrong: The Burmese wrought awful desolation. They reped, pillaged and plundered and led tens of thousands of captives away to Burma. They Torch to everything flammable and even hacked at images of the Buddha for the gold with which they were coated. The city was too damaged to be renovated for a second time.
Bangkok or Krung Thep, Contemporary Thailand, Thailand was under the rule of an absolute monarchy for 150 years, until coup ended it in 1932. Despite this, the constitutional monarchy that followed has proved a stabilizing anchor amid the upheavals that have characterized the country’s modern history.
King Chulalongkorn (Rama V)
He ascended the throne in 1868 when he was only 15 years old. By the time of his death,42 years later he had become the “Beloved Great...
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