Tattoos in Society

Topics: Tattoo, Tattooing, Tattoo machine Pages: 5 (1974 words) Published: June 11, 2013
Dawn Zarnfaller
The Inked Life
Monroe College

The Inked Life
Society has grown to accept tattoos every since they were first revealed over 5 thousand years ago. Some people hate them and some people live by them. Tattoos are more popular than they were thirty years ago due to television shows and peer pressure. Tattoos are life-long and once you get them it is hard to remove them. Getting a tattoo can be a life changing choice for good or bad. Being covered in tattoos can stop you from getting a job. History:

For thousands of years people of all cultures have been marking up their bodies. Some of the markings can be dated back to the Egyptians “and were present on several female mummies dated to c. 2000 B.C. But following the more recent discovery of the Iceman from the area of the Italian-Austrian border in 1991 and his tattoo patterns, this date has been pushed back a further thousand years when he was carbon-dated at around 5,200 years old.” (Lineberry par.2) Sciencists have found that people for over five thousand years were drawing and inking up their bodies for different reasons. The earliest tattoos can be found in Egypt. While expanding their empire the art of tattooing spread all the way to civilizations like Crete, Greece, Persia, Arabia and China. The word “tattoo” itself comes from the “Polynesian word ‘ta’ which means striking something and the Tahitian word ‘tatau’ which means ‘to mark something’.” ("Designboom") in the 1700s Captain Cook traveled to the south Pacific and when he returned to London he brought back the art of tattooing form the Polynesian people. Until 1891 tattooing was done by hand, the first mechanical machine was created by Samuel O'Reilly “It was based on Edison's electric pen which punctured paper with a needle point.” ("Tattoo You") O’Reilly used the pen to puncture skin increase of paper. The tattoo machine allowed anyone from any class to get a tattoo since the prices became reasonable. During that time the upper classman avoided getting tattoo. By the 1930s tattoos were seen to be worn by the “circus freaks”. Tattooing was not popular a lot of places but Chatham Square, New York it flourished. Everyone tattooed in Chatham Square, it was a form of advertisement. Procedure:

Depending on the culture depends on the way the tattoos are applied to the skin. Tattoos were first created by putting colorful materials under the skin, which originally were created by accident. The first tattoo was made by rubbing cuts with ash. In ancient Rome Leek juice would clean the area that was going to be tattooed. Then a sharp tool would prick the skin into the design they wanted. Ink was made out of pine bark, bronze powder, metal sulfate and more leeks. The ink when made was rubbed over the wound and the color would permanently stay on the skin. (Nagle 27) In the Polynesian culture to get a tattoo was a long and painful process. The process was performed by a tattoo master. The master would take his cutting tool and dip it in black ink. The ink was made of soot of burnt candlenut shells and the cutting tool was a short piece of bamboo with a piece of tortoiseshell tied to the right corner. With the cutting tool the master would take a mallet and tap the tool into the skin repeatedly until he was done with the tattoo. ("Polynesian Cultural Center") In the United States Americans are constantly getting tattoos. The form of tattooing is by using a tattooing gun. The artist will clean off the area where the tattoo is going and if there is any hair they will remove it with a sterile razor. Then they will apply the stencil. To prepare the tattoo gun they will put a take out a needle from a sealed package in front of the customer. Once the gun is ready the artist will go over the outline with the ink. After the outlining is done then the artist goes and colors or shades the tattoo depending on the style of tattoo. When the ink is being applied the artist will always remove the excess ink by...

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