Taiwan Background

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Topics: Taiwan, Taipei
1.0 Introduction

Geographic & Climate
The island of Taiwan is located 120 kilometers off southeastern coast of Mainland China. Its geographical area coverage is bout 13,823 square miles. It is surrounded by the East China Sea on its north, South China Sea to southeast and Philippine Sea to the east. The shape of the island is similar to a sweet potato, therefore they sometimes refers themselves as “Children of the Sweet Potato”

The terrain of Taiwan consists mostly of rugged mountains. Taroko National Park which is located eastern side of the mountainous terrain has a decent example of mountainous terrain. Towards the west of the island consists mostly flat lands which host most of its population. Due to its geographical location on the globe, it is highly exposed to typhoons and earthquakes in the region.

Taiwan’s climate is marine tropical. From June till September, Taiwan experiences hot humid weather, however the northern landscape of the island undergo rainy season that lasts from January to late March during the southwest monsoon season. During and after the Lunar New Year, the middle and southern parts of the island may experience several weeks of rain.

Natural & Energy Resources
The country has uncovered many mineral resources such a coal, gold, marble and also the natural landscape that provides wild animal reserves has been harvested during its intensive exploitation throughout its pre-modern and modern history and now, its virtually exhausted. The current remaining forest does not contribute much of a timber production due to concerns over environmental issues and regulation and also production costs. However, Taiwan has produced ‘Camphor oil’ and also exported ‘cane sugar’ during the late 19th century till early 20th century.

Few natural resources with significant economic value are found in Taiwan these days. Many of the natural resources are being challenged by foreign imports since Taiwan’s accession to the World Trade Organization

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