1.1 Explain evidence, approaches and theories about the benefits of creativity for the well being of children and young people
Nature or nurture
This approach refers to whether creativity is something which comes naturally to some people or whether it is something that can be taught.
Creativity as a process
Graham Wallas proposed this five-stage model about how we solve problems.
1. Preparation – initial thoughts about a problem
2. Incubation – time spent thinking unconsciously about the problem
3. Intimation – an awareness that the answer is within grasp
4. Insight – conscious awareness of the answer
5. Verification – the solution is then worked upon
The benefits of this are very valuable. When children succeed in finding a solution they can improve their confidence and make them more able to solve other problems in the future.
This means helping children to be creative by showing them and joining in with what they are doing. Some children learn best by observing others and then doing the same. This can benefit children because they will build good relationships with adults and peers if they work in a group. They will be spending time with someone who they trust and are comfortable with.
1.2 Identify the potential benefits of different types of creative activity
There are many benefits of creative activity for children and this can differ with the different types of creativity. One benefit is that most of the time a creative activity can help children with other areas of their development. For example creative movement allows children to express themselves and let off steam if they need to and children are also developing their gross motor skills, balance and co-ordination. Music can help children to gain confidence and an also help them to work together. Singing and playing instruments can help children to communicate and can also help their speech. Being