Study of Amos

Topics: God, Kingdom of Judah, Israelites Pages: 7 (2135 words) Published: November 5, 2013
Prophetic Book Discovery and Reflection: Amos

INTRODUCTION TO AMOS
The author reveals himself from the beginning to be Amos. Not a lot is known of Amos, we do know that he was a farmer from Tekoa which was a town about 6 miles southeast of Bethlehem and about ten miles south of Jerusalem in Judah or the southern kingdom. Located on a hill in the desert (2 Chron 11:6; 20:20), the town served as a lookout against invaders approaching Jerusalem (Jer 6:1). In 7:14–15 Amos states he was not a prophet or a son of a prophet by that we understand he was not trained up by man in the prophetic ways, but rather he was called by God to be a prophet. Amos tells us that he was a herdsman and tender of fig trees. Amos states clearly when he spoke his message, in the reigns of Uzziah of Judah (791-740 BC) and Jeroboam II of Israel (793-753 BC) But a historically verifiable earthquake happened two years after he began to preach, and so it is possible to place Amos's ministry more precisely between about 765-760 B.C “though his home was in Judah, he was sent to announce God’s judgement on the Northern Kingdom” (NIV pg. 1337) Amos’ ministry was during a time of political peace and economic prosperity for Israel and Judah. Judah had subdued their neighbours to the south, east and west. Israel’s control of the major trade routes through the region resulted in a flourishing economic trade. As prosperous as they were, spiritually they were bare, the abundance of their society had led them to corruption, sexual immorality, idolatry and oppression of the poor were rampant part of their society. Israel continued to worship and sacrifice at Dan, Beer-sheba, Gilgal and Bethel. Yet they continue to sacrifice to God as well, and expected His covering and blessing over their nation. Stephen quotes Amos in his testimony to the Sanhedrin (Amos 5:25, Acts 7:42-43) reminding the Jews of his time of the idolatry of their forefathers. Yet throughout Amos the underlying prophetic message from God is to repent and turn to him. The final verses of Amos are of God’s covenantal promise to restore Israel, which was fulfilled in the Messianic covenant through Jesus Christ. James bares witness to this to the realisation that the Messiah was to redeem all of God’s people when quoting Amos 9:11 at the council of Jerusalem (Acts15:16-17)

OUTLINE
Introduction
1:1 Introduction of Amos and his era.
1:2 God’s sovereignty
Judgement on nations surrounding God’s people.
1:3-5 Judgement on Damascus
1:6-8 Judgement on Gaza
1:9-10 Judgment on Tyre
1:11-12 Judgement on Edom
1:13-15 Judgement on Ammon
2:1-3 Judgment on Moab
Judgement on God’s people
2:4-5 Judgement on Judah
2:6-16 Judgement on Israel
o2:6-7 Oppression of the poor
o2:8-9 Religious idolatry
o2:10 God brought Israel out of Egypt
o2:11-12 Israel’s denial of the Prophets
o2:13-16 Israel’s wicked ways will perish
Prophesy against Israel God’s chosen people
3:1-2 Israel is God’s chosen people
3:3-10 Prophesy of their unfaithfulness justified
3:11-12 Prophesy of what is to come
o3:11 Israel will be conquered
o3:12 A remnant will be saved
3:13-15 Israel’s punishment justified by their actions Prophesy against an unrepentant Israel
4:1-3 Judgement on social corruption
4:4-6 Judgment on ritual abuse
4:7-11 Israel ignored God’s discipline and remained unrepentant •4:12-13 Inevitable destruction due to their unrepentance. •4:12-13 God’s sovereignty
Prophesy against an unjust Israel
5:1-3 Prophesy of Israel’s imminent fall
5:4-6 God’s continued mercy if they will turn from their wicked ways •5:7 Defamation of justice by Israel
5:8-9 God’s sovereignty
5:10-13 Testament to their injustices
5:14-15 Another call to repentance
5:16-17 Prophesy of forthcoming destruction
Warnings to Israel
5:18-20 Israel longed for The Day of the Lord but it would bring their condemnation • 5:21-23 God rejects their false worship
5:24 Again...

Bibliography: The NIV Study Bible (1995) (10th Ed). Grand Rapids, Michigan, Zondervan.
Arnold, B.T., Beyer, B.E. (2008) Encountering the Old Testament: A Christian Survey (2nd Ed). Grand Rapids, Michigan, Baker Book House Company.
Paschall, H.F., Hobbs, H.H. (1972) The Teachers Bible Commentary. Nashville, Tennessee, Broadman Press.
Keddie, G.J. (2000) The Lord is His Name: The Message of Amos. Welwyn, Hertfordshire, Evangelical Press.
Fyall, B. (2006) Teaching Amos: Unlocking the Prophecy of Amos for the Bible Teacher. London, England, Proclamation Trust Media.
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