Sovereign

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Sovereign

According to Thomas Hobbes in order for people to “defend them from the invasion of foreigners, and the injuries of one another, is to confer all their power and strength upon one man” (Bailey 199). This statement means that in order for the people to be safe there needs to be an authority to look after them. Hobbes explains that this authority is a sovereign which has supreme rank and can carry the commonwealth. The commonwealth according to Hobbes is “one person of whose acts a great multitude, by mutual covenants one with another, to the end we may use this strength and means of them all for their peace and common defence” (Bailey 199). Hobbes states that a sovereign is necessary to keep the people in order and agreement. Hobbes’ description of sovereign does not match the description of Canada’s sovereign; however Hobbes’ reasoning for needing a sovereign matches the reason as to why Canada has a sovereign. This statement is proven through Hobbes explanations on sovereigns; an individual is made a sovereign not born a sovereign, the sovereign makes laws to keep people in order and agreement, the sovereign has power to violate a right or duty, and a sovereign is part of a commonwealth by institution.

“Assembly of men, shall be given by the major part the right to present the person of them all, that is to say, to be their representative,” (Bailey 200) this statement, said by Hobbes, explains that a group of men decide on an individual to become their sovereign, therefore that individual is ‘made’ a sovereign. Hobbes’ states that the individuals must agree and covenant with one another in order to decide which individual will become sovereign. By agreement only the men that have chosen the representative can make him sovereign, he has no say in it and therefore the men cannot by any circumstances be freed from his authority. One of the main differences between Canada’s sovereign and Hobbes’ description of a sovereign is

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