Sociology and External Links

Topics: Sociology, Scientific method, Social sciences Pages: 87 (28943 words) Published: May 25, 2009
Introduction to
Sociology
Edition 1.0 6th March 2006
From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection
Note: current version of this book can be found at
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Introduction_to_Sociology
2
Contents
INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY.........................................................................1 AUTHORS...............................................................................................................6 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................7 What is Sociology?...............................................................................................................7 History....................................................................................................................8 Sociology and Other Social Sciences ....................................................................11 Sociology Today......................................................................................................................13 Technology and the Social Sciences..................................................................................................................13 References .............................................................................................................13 External links ........................................................................................................14 SOCIOLOGICAL METHODS ..................................................................................15 Introduction...........................................................................................................15 The Development of Social Science ......................................................................16 The Scientific Method............................................................................................17 Correlation and Causation ....................................................................................21 Quantitative and Qualitative.................................................................................23 Objective vs. Critical..............................................................................................24 Ethics......................................................................................................................24 What Can Sociology Tell Us? ................................................................................25 Notes .....................................................................................................................26 References ............................................................................................................26 External Links ......................................................................................................26 GENERAL SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY....................................................................27 Introduction..........................................................................................................27 Structural-Functionalism......................................................................................28 Conflict Theory .....................................................................................................30 Symbolic Interactionism.......................................................................................31 Role Theory............................................................................................................32 Social Constructionism .........................................................................................34 Integration Theory ................................................................................................34 Notes ......................................................................................................................35 References...

References: · Arnett, Jeffrey J. 1995. "Broad and Narrow Socialization: The Family in the Context of a
Cultural Theory." Journal of Marriage and the Family 57( 3):617-28.
· Goffman, Erving. 1961. Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other
Inmates.
· Holland, David. 1970. "Familization, Socialization, and the Universe of Meaning: An
Extension of the Interactional Approach to the Study of the Family." Journal of Marriage and
· Kohn, Melvin L. 1969. Class and Conformity, A Study in Values. Homewood, IL: Dorsey
Press.
· Long, Theodore E. and Jeffrey K. Hadden. 1985. "A Reconception of Socialization."
Sociological Theory 3(1):39-49.
· Marshall, Victor W. 1975. "Socialization for Impending Death in a Retirement Village ."
American Journal of Sociology 80(5):1124-44.
· Mortimer, Jeylan T. and Roberta G. Simmons. 1978. "Adult Socialization." Annual Review of
Sociology 4421-54.
· Rosenbaum, James E. 1975. "The Stratification of Socialization Processes." American
Sociological Review 40(1):48-54.
groups and categories also facilitates behavior and action (Hogg 2003). An example may help
explain this idea:
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