Answers to Unit 9
1)There are different uses of foster care placements and amongst them the main ones are as follow: *EMERGENCY-where children need to stay somewhere safe for a few nights, *SHORT -TERM-cares look after children for a few weeks /months while plans are being made for children’s future, *SHORT BREAKS-for disable children,with special needs or behavioural difficulties who stay for a while with a family so they parents/carers can have a break, *REMAND-for young people remanded by a court to be looked after by a specially trained carer, *TASK CENTRED-providing opportunity for assessment,treatment and /or bridge of independence.These placements are usually planned for up to six months, *LONG TERM-children who go to long –term foster care and stay there until they are adults usually 18+ and become independent. *FAMILY and FRIENDS –a child goes tom live with someone they already know,usually a family member. 2)The majority of children looked after are placed with foster carers.Approximately two thirds of children looked after are living in fostering arrangaments.All foster carers are approved and regulated via the Fostering Service Regulation ,Guidance and National Minimum Standards. The remaining third of children looked after live in children’s homes ,residential schools,specialist therapeutic provisions and can be living at home. Children looked after whom return home should only do so as a part of reconciliation process. 3) There are a number of reasons why a child may be ‘looked after’ by the local authority. Most often it is because the child’s parents or the people who have parental responsibilities and rights to look after the child are unable to care for their children(illness,mental health problems,violence,family breakdown,single parent with no support), have been neglecting/abusing them or the child has committed an offence. The local authority has specific responsibilities and duties towards a child who is being looked after or who has been looked after. According to the latest statistics there were 68,110 looked after children as of 31 March 2013, an increase of 2 per cent comparedto 31 March 2012 and an increase of 12 per cent compared to 31 March 2009. The number of looked after children has increased steadily each year and is now higher than at any point since 1985. The majority of looked after children – 62 per cent in 2013 - are provided with a service due to abuse or neglect. The reasons why looked after children are provided with a service have been relatively stable since 2009. : Reasons why children looked after at 31 March 2013 were provided with a service:
*abuse or neglect-62%
*family in acute stress-9%
*parent illness,disability-4*child’s disability -3%
*socially unacceptable behaviour-2%
4)Child looked after by a local authority has a right to be consulting about what is happening to them and their views should be taken seriously . Some local authorities may appoint children’s officers who are responsible for helping children to understand what is happening to them. Voluntary organisations may also be able to provide advice or representation direct to children. Parents rights of a child being looked after will depend on how the child came on being looked after. If the child is being accommodated by the local authority under voluntary measures, parent might retain full parental rights. If the child is subject to a compulsory supervision order or an order of the court, parent retain full parental rights, although these may be limited by the children’s hearing or the court. If the local authority has a permanence order for the child, parent do not have the parental right to have the child living with them or to control where the child lives. The permanence order will set out whether the parent still have any other parental responsibilities or rights or...
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