Should Scotland Be Independent?
Known as one of the most significant choices made, the vote over the Scottish independence allowed Scotland to decide its freedom from the United Kingdom. Scotland was once an independent nation, but was later made a part of the United Kingdom. Gaining its independence from the United Kingdom today allows Scotland to generate a number of advantages and disadvantages for the country. Even though 2014’s Scottish independence referendum concluded that Scotland should not part from the UK, debate over this controversial question still has not been dropped. This essay aims to analyze the pros and cons of the Scottish independence in terms of political and economic factors, in order to prove that Scotland would be better off alongside the United Kingdom.
Scotland shifted from being an independent kingdom when the Act of Union in 1706 made Scotland a part of the United Kingdom (Smith & Collin, 2013). England had wanted Scotland to become a part of the union, as they did not want Scotland to support any other monarch to rule them. Scotland was going through a catastrophic economic era; hence they needed financial support to survive (Smith & Collin, 2013). Since then, the United Kingdom has been a successful union over the former three centuries.
The political landscape of the union of Scotland and England can undergo complex changes if Scotland was ever voted its independence. It can be argued that Scotland’s freedom will allow their government to have total power and control over the Scottish soil. The Scottish have the freedom of right to choose, and it may be that Scotland can be more successful on its own. The Scottish government will be capable of making choices keeping its own nation a priority. Scotland would be capable of adopting policies that benefit themselves, allowing them to maintain decent relations with the European countries (Paquin, 2002). According to the European Constitutional Law Review (2013) many laws enforced in Scotland today are thought of and implemented in England. An example is the winter allowances for prisoners are the same in both England and Scotland, regardless of Scotland being a much colder region (Happold, 2000). Independence will allow Scotland the right to self-determination that will put the future of Scotland in its own hands (Guibernau, 2010). However, as its known, the United Kingdom has been a stable and influential union for over the past approximate 300 years (Guibernau, 2010). The Scots have a lot of social tides and roots in the UK, as the residents on both sides have many historical and cultural associations. To start off, Scotland’s influence in the world would decrease majorly if they receive independence. Scholars believe that once Scotland gains its freedom, the new government will have to find its place in the European Union (Preston, 2008). This means that the European Union must reconsider Scotland’s membership and allow them the chance to reenter as an independent nation. This lengthy process would demand a long time for the European Union to consider Scotland’s place in the EU (Preston, 2008). Furthermore, it is not for certain that Scotland will be guaranteed its place in the European Union (Keating, 2009). Another benefit of staying with the United Kingdom is that protection and security that is offered to Scotland. The United Kingdom’s influence in the European Union and in the world allows Scotland to have a more significant role overall. According to the European Constitutional Law Review (2013), Scotland already has a strong parliament that is eligible to make decisions in regard to important policies, such as education. Scottish freedom would also cause problems for other countries in the EU. Spain for example, is dealing with the separation movement of Catalonia; if Scotland separates itself, it will be hard for countries like Spain to keep their colonies under their own rule (“Scottish Independence…”). Dividing the UK...
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