Sex and Gender
It is commonly known for the terms sex and gender to be often used interchangeably, however both defined differently. When a child is first born one of the most commonly question that is asked whether their boy or girl. Gender refers to masculine or feminine, while sex refers to male or female (Bland 2005). Therefore, gender comprises the expectations and behaviors a society considers appropriate for each sex to display. On the other hand sex includes biological characteristics that distinguish the sexes apart.
Gender is determined biologically before humans are born based on feminine or masculine characteristics. Hormones linked to sexual characteristics and reproductive fucntions nmjnjkk
Biological Factors- Nature
Before humans are born gender is determined biologically based on feminine or masculine characteristics. Hormones linked to sexual characteristics and reproductive functions are found in different levels in males and females from infancy through adulthood (Hetherington & Parke, 2002). During the period of puberty the pituitary gland releases special hormones that trigger the tendency toward a specific gender. Though there is no solid proof of biological factors being the determination of one’s identity, that we are born with certain characteristics, one would even argue the fact that if a parent is an alcoholic does not mean the child will be one as well, though they carry the specific trait it will have other influences for one to go down that same path (genetic fixity).
Environmental Influences – Nurture
Since the first environmental influence a child experiences comes from the family, the impact on their identity starts when the baby is first coming home from hospital based on the gender of their clothing they are treated accordingly. A father will be more assertive towards his son in preparing him for manhood and compassionate towards the daughter as her protector, hence the idea of women marrying men who have similar traits as their father. A mother on the other hand will do the opposite to show a strong order of discipline to the daughter to teach self- respect which will enhance her self-esteem and the son will have more of the bonding, nurture feeling. The later part of childhood years the roles of the parent will change in developing the children’s adult roles in life. For most parents who are involved or interact with their children they will learn when it is time to have different influences brought upon them based on the maturing level of the child. The absence of either parent can cause some unbalanced behavior, due to having influences from sources outside the family, such as peers, television and even the music industry.
Evaluation- Nature or Nurture
×Ads By minibarBased on the information I have researched and read, it is safe to say that both biological factors and environmental influences go hand-in-hand (Myers, 2004), based on our biological factors of our genes from our parents and the environment shaping around us, which is behavior that we have learned from our immediate influences, our family and outside sources we develop who we have become into our adulthood. As discussed in different disorders genetics and environment play a role so why wouldn’t a person that does not meet the criteria of a disorder have the same developing traits based on genetics and environment. Another way of relating this message would be Brewer (1990) “Heredity deals the card; environmental plays the hand.” There are so many arguments on one’s sexuality, some say chemical imbalance, others say this is who one has learned to be. It has even been addressed how society is more understanding when females show sexual tendencies towards another female; however it is frowned upon when is it two males engaging in the same act.
Sexual Identity and Evidence from Biopsychology
Sexual identity is how one defines relations with others, the emotional, romantic,...
References: Fenstermaker, S. & West, C. (eds.) (2002) Doing Gender, Doing Difference. Routledge, New York.
Kimmel, Michael S. (2004) The Gendered Society. Oxford University Press, New York.
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