Second World War

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Although the League of Nations was set up, another major war broke out just 20 years after the First World War and it was the Second World War. The Second World War was one of the greatest wars in human history and it was even greater in scale and more disastrous than the First. In this essay, I would like to talk about “To what extent should the Axis Powers be responsible for the outbreak of World War Two?’. Actually, I think that to a large extent, the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy and Japan) were responsible for the outbreak of the Second World War.
There are mainly five causes of World War Two. And four of these five causes were related to the Axis Powers.
Firstly, the Axis Powers were discontent towards the Paris Peace Treaties. The defeated powers, especially Germany were extremely unhappy with the harsh terms of the treaties. The huge indemnity and territorial losses created serious economic problems in Germany, such as declining industrial production, increasing unemployment rate, inflation and hardship among the people. Besides, Germany had to bear all the war responsibility, and was not allowed to develop her arms. The Germans were determined to restore their national power and glory even by means of war. Also, the winners of Second World War – Italy and Japan were also dissatisfied because they did not gain what she wanted at the Paris Peace Conference. Their wartime contributions were not as great as those her allies. And so they were unwilling to defend the Peace Treaties.
Secondly, after the First World War, The U.S. became the biggest creditor state in the world and she had great economic influence over other countries. As the postwar economies of the European countries and Japan depended heavily on the U.S., the Wall Street Crash of 1929 sent all of them into deep recession. This was later known as the Great Depression.
The Great Depression made a disastrous impact on the world. Countries like Germany and Japan failed to solve their economic

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