Scientific Management- Fredrick Winslow Taylor
Scientific Management is a management theory that analyzes work flow to improve economic efficiency, mostly labour productivity, also referred to as Taylorism.
Some major components of scientific management include analysis, synthesis, logic, rationality, empiricism, work ethic, elimination of waste, and standardized best practices, These combined components focus on the efficiency of the worker, not on behavioural qualities.
Taylor was not the only person who developed the scientific management theory. (Boundless, 2014) While taylor was conducting his studies, Frank and Lillian Gilbreth completed their own work in motion studies. The Gilbreth’s based the analysis of work motions, such as filming the details of a worker’s activities and recording the time taken to complete the activities. The videos helped to emphasize areas for improvement in work, and also to help train workers to perform their best.
The scientific method allowed the Gilbreth’s to build upon their best elements of the workflow and create a standardized practice to further build on. To implement new work methods, time and motion studies were used together to achieve rational and reasonable results in finding the beat practice.
Taylor’s and the Gilbreth’s work are often associated together, but there is a clear philosophical difference between the two scientific-management theories. (Boundless, 2014) Taylor was more focused on the reduction of the process time, while the Gilbreth’s were more heavily focused on reducing the motions involved, making the overall process more efficient.
Scientific management continues to make significant contributions to management theory today. There has been an advancement in statistical methods used in scientific management, such as quality control and quality assurance, which started between the 1920s and 1930s.
Speed ahead to the 1940s and the 1950s, scientific management turned into...
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