Scarlet fever is one of the predominantly a childhood disease occurring to children age of 2 until 10 years old. There are several factors that cause scarlet fever in children. Firstly, children who get scarlet fever because of an infection from a bacterium called exotoxin-producing group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (GABHS), notably Streptococcus pyogenic. This bacterium will release of a particular toxin that responsible for the characteristics scarlet-coloured rash seen with scarlet fever. In the majority of cases, scarlet fever occurs as a result of pharyngeal streptococcal infection or strep throat. Secondly, scarlet fever is very highly contagious due to the bacteria in the saliva and mucus in the mouth. It also can be spread via airborne through respiratory droplets transmitted by infected individuals like sneezing, coughing or breathing out. Lastly, scarlet fever also can be transmitted in crowded environments in which individuals come in close contact with each other such as shopping complex, schools or day care centers. Regardless of its cause, scarlet fever is an illness that needs to be taken seriously among children.
: Hanom Binti Mohd Mazlan
: Group 22, Thursday, 10.00 am.
On the surface, scarlet fever and rheumatic fever seem to have in common. In reality, there are differences between scarlet fever and rheumatic fever. Firstly, the difference between these two fevers is their causes. Scarlet fever is caused by particular group of strain which exotoxin-producing group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus bacteria which cause infection, particularly strep throat. On the other hand, rheumatic fever is a complication of scarlet fever particularly the strep throat. It occurs after a month of having strep throat. Secondly, the difference between these two fevers can be seen on their symptoms. Scarlet fever causes generalized redness...
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