“Satire is a technique employed by writer to expose and criticize the corruption and injustice of an individual and also in the society”
Swift wrote a lot of satiric pieces such as “the tale of tub “which is the satire on corruption in religion and learning he also wrote political pamphlets and also work in the journal “examiner” who was anti Whigs. He mostly seem to be dissatisfied with the society and with the political parties in England he was first himself belongs to the party of Whigs which was the ruling party in England but after tolerating the malevolence act he joined the party of Tories and then wrote a lots of satiric pieces specially on Whigs.
Gulliver’s travel is also the chain of swift’s satiric novel. It is divided into four parts in which “Gulliver” is used as “the mask” or “personification” used by swift. It’s the character which went on different voyages and experienced different things while reading the novel explicitly it shows that it is written for the children but when we read it implicitly we found a lot of criticism of the people, custom, laws and most important the dirty politics of England for that purpose
John gay said about this novel,
“It (novel) is universally read, from the cabinet council to the nursery”
As far as the book four is concerned swift aggression reached at the height. He describe human as the wild and bloody natured “Yahoos” while describe his personal perfect idea about human through “Houyhnhnms” who were calm, peaceful, non materialistic and benevolent in nature. In the voyage of part four Gulliver went to the land of houyhnhnms where he found horses like a human. Swift had used juvenalian satire in this part. And the satire was not only on the England but also on mankind
As “thrackeray” conclude
References: WEBSITES: http://www.gradesaver.com/gullivers-travels/study-guide/section6/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulliver%27s_Travels www.cliffsnotes.com www.shmoop.com BLOGS: neoenglishsystem.blogspot.com/ bek.blogs.uv allrfree.blogspot.com