Ruralisation of Urban Areas: Reversing Development in Zimbabwe

Topics: Urban area, City, Urbanization, Zimbabwe, Rural, Urban planning / Pages: 27 (6591 words) / Published: Aug 7th, 2013
International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences

ISSN: 2278-6236

RURALISATION OF URBAN AREAS: REVERSING DEVELOPMENT IN ZIMBABWE
Jacob Mugumbate* Francis Maushe* Chamunogwa Nyoni, PhD*

Abstract: Urbanisation is on an upward trend in Zimbabwe as evidenced by expansion of urban centres. Notwithstanding advances towards urbanisation, some urban centres are actually de-urbanising or ruralising as witnessed by deteriorating livelihoods, services and infrastructure. Using observation, interviews and content analysis, researchers explored this phenomenon and concludes that ruralisation has increased. This paints a gloomy picture urbanisation and researchers recommend a review of current urban models in Zimbabwe. Keywords: Ruralisation, Urbanisation, Social Services, Development, Zimbabwe

*Department of Social Sciences, Bindura University of Science Education, Zimbabwe Vol. 2 | No. 7 | July 2013 www.garph.co.uk IJARMSS | 13

International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences

ISSN: 2278-6236

1.
1.1.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Introduction to the Study

This paper seeks to give an insight into the deterioration of urban environments in Zimbabwe. The gross fall in the quantity and quality of tangible and non-tangible services in urban services is in this paper referred as ruralisation. To explore this phenomenon, researchers used the qualitative research paradigm focusing on observation in severely affected areas in three urban areas. These were the capital city Harare, Chitungwiza and Bindura. The research undertaking was successful, discovering even more glaring decay in Zimbabwe urban life. This report begins with background information on urban and rural life before attempting to give light on ruralisation. It elaborates the aim of the study and explains the research methods employed. Following this appears a section presenting and analysing findings arranged on seven headings focusing on use of



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