Road Safety

Good Essays
Road safety is the process of learning how to be safe and sensible when driving a vehicle on a road and how to reduce accident causes on road for proper driving. It aims to reduce the harm (deaths, injuries, and property damage) resulting from motor vehicle collisions. Harm from road traffic crashes is greater than that from all other transportation modes (air, sea, space, off-terrain, etc.) combined

I- Driving license

To make roads safer, driving licenses exist, so we compare two European countries: United-Kingdom and France.

- Driving license in UK.
There are 3 conditions to pass driving license in UK: • 17 years old to apply • Have a good health • Pass 3 exams: - DSA theory test - Hazard perception test - Practical driving test • Penalty points when you’re convicted of a motoring offence up to 12 points.

- Driving license in France.
Here there are 4 conditions to pass driving license: • 18 years old to apply • Pass 2 exams: - Theory test « le code » - Practical driving test • Drivers start with 6 points and 12 points after 2 or 3 years of driving. Points can be deducted for offences (from 1 to 6)

II - Road: a dangerous environment

The dictionary defines an accident as "an unexpected and undesirable event, a mishap unforeseen and without apparent cause."

Strictly speaking, most accidents are not accidents at all: they are collisions that could and should have been avoided.
Four factors contribute to the vast majority of collisions.
They are:
® Equipment Failure
® Roadway Design
® Poor Roadway Maintenance
® Driver Behavior

Thanks to the report established by the French Government during the first semester 2010, we can note that car accidents are decreasing in France because of the tougher legislation on speed and alcohol but there are still too many accidents.
Nowadays, it’s impossible to make a law about driver’s tiredness, often

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