The speech that I decided to do is John F. Kennedy's Address to the Houston Ministerial Association. I will be using both external and internal criticism. With the external criticism I will be examining the time, the occasion, how the audience reacted, John F Kennedy's biographical factors and the effects of the speech. John F Kennedy came from a strong political family, was well educated, defended his country in WW II and received rewards for his courage and bravery, and along with his political career that lead him to the nomination for presidency in 1960. With in the internal criticism I will be looking at the invention, organization, style, and presentation. I will show how he used logical proof, ethical proof, and pathetic proof to sway his audience from viewing him as the Catholic candidate for presidency and how this speech contributed to his victory of the 1960 presidential election.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917 in Brookline, Massachusetts; his parents where Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy and Joseph Patrick Kennedy. He was named in honor of Rose's father, John Francis Fitzgerald, the Boston Mayor popularly known as Honey Fitz . Before long, family and friends started to call him Jack. John Kennedy comes from a very large family; he has eight siblings altogether. His great-grandparents came to America from Ireland and Jack's grandfathers were both prominent Boston politicians. Jack's Father worked very hard for his family, he started out in 1919 as a manager of Hayden, Stone and Co. where he became an expert in dealing on the Wall Street stock market, he became a multi millionaire and retried. In 1934 he was appointed by Franklin D. Roosevelt as the chairman of the Security and Exchange Commission, and after serving three years, he was than appointed to the position of Ambassador to Britain. The Kennedys lived a very comfortable life; they had everything that they needed and more. Jack went to school at Choate, a boarding school for adolescent boys in Connecticut. He was involved in many sports such as; tennis, basketball, football, and golf. When he graduated from Choate he entered Harvard University in 1963, where his brother Joe was already a student. Late in 1937 Jack's Father was appointed United States Ambassador to England and moved his entire family, with the exception of Joe and Jack being at Harvard. Because of his father's job, Jack became very interested in European politics and world affairs; which lead Jack to become more eager to learn about history and government and with current affairs. Jack's father wrote to him often and informed him of the all the tension and conflict that everyone feared would become a full blown war. At this time Adolph Hitler ruled Germany, and on September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland and WW II began. Jack was a senior at Harvard when this happened and decided to write his thesis on why Great Britain was unprepared for war with Germany. It was later published as a book called Why England slept. Soon after graduating from College, Jack and his brother Joe joined the Navy. Joe was a flyer, and Jack made Lieutenant (Lt.) and was assigned to the South Pacific as commander of a patrol torpedo boat, the PT-109. On August 2, 1943 the PT-109 collided with a Japanese warship, the PT-109 spilt in half and two men died. The rest of the twelve men jumped off the boat and several were injured. Despite a back injury, Lt Kennedy managed to maintain courage and got the rest of his crew to safety. However his bother was not as fortunate. Joe went on to die a year later when his plane blew up. When Jack returned home he was awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for his leadership and courage. Now that the war was over he needed to decide what kind of work he wanted to do. He decided to run for Congress in Massachusetts' eleventh congressional district, where he won in 1946. This was the beginning of his political career. John F. Kennedy, a democrat, served three...
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