Research Paper

Topics: Crime, Criminology, Theft Pages: 7 (1028 words) Published: December 7, 2014


Dominique Bentley
Criminology
Patrick Solar
April 7, 2013
Crimes and what it defines
How should one define crime? Personally I view crime as an act committed by an individual or group, which is against the law. People or society may define crime differently; everybody forms different opinions on different topics. Many countries have different ways of what crime expresses. Philosophers such as Cesare Beccaria believed crime could be minimized by using essentials of human nature. While positivist presumes that criminal behavior is caused by internal and external factors. There are many dynamics to committing a crime, different crimes range from persons, property, morality, white collar, and organized crime. Each crime has its own definition and punishment. Society sees most crimes, such as robbery, assault, battery, rape, murder, burglary, and embezzlement, as deviant. There are many ways we as people and the law define crime.

Crime is connected to society by a number of things, such as class, race, gender and, age. The uttermost age of criminal activity is during the ages of 16-25. This age bracket may be more capable to criminal behavior. At such an age boys try to “prove” their masculinity. Criminal behavior for this age rage can also be the cause of less or no responsibility. There are numerous of destructive impacts of crime upon society, such as depopulation, High levels of crime may damage the community spirit. Another factor of high crime levels, it can contribute to environmental poverty. Some causes of deviate behavior can affect people and the may not feel like apart of society. Teenage rebellion can as well be a part of deviate behavior. Some people pursue acceptance from a precise group, and therefore act in a abnormal manner in order to conform to the subculture of that group. Although society can have negative impacts on crime, society can also play a role in reducing and deterring crime. Reporting and having more officers in neighborhoods more than often can deter crime. Having a voice can be effective in reducing crime as well.

There are many theories of crime such as the classical school theory, and the positivist school theory. The classical school theory consists of Cesare Beccaria and other philosophers believing that criminal behavior can be minimized by using the basic acts of human nature. The classical school theory is based on indication that humans act in their own self-interest (thinking of themselves an act of being selfish). One of the key parts of criminal punishment reform that the classical school of criminology fought for was equivalent conduct for the blamed offenders. The positivist school theory presumes that criminal behavior is caused by internal and external factors outside of the individual’s control. Positivism intentions are to search for, explain, and predict future patterns of crime and behavior using biological or individual disciplines in an effort to classify key causes of crime. Classists believed that people commit crime through exercise and free will. Positivists argued that human behavior is prone and determined by individual and biological differences.

There are all different types of crimes that have different meanings and classifications. Crimes such as robbery, assault, battery, rape, murder, burglary, and embezzlement define different situations and meanings. Persons, property, morality, white collar, and organized crime have different factors that determine what they are. Crimes against persons, also called personal crimes, include murder, aggravated assault, rape, and robbery. Personal crimes are unequally scattered throughout the United States and societies, with young, urban, poor, and racial minorities committing these crimes. Property crimes involve theft of property without bodily harm, such as burglary, larceny, auto theft, and arson. Crimes against morality are also called victimless crimes because there is no victim. Prostitution,...

References: Conklin, J. (2012). Criminology . (11th ed. ed.).
Clear, T., Cole, G., & Reisig, M. (2011). American corrections . (10th ed.).
Siegel, L. J. (2012). Criminology, the core. (4th ed.).
Belmont: Wadsworth Pub Co.
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