Religious And Social Impact On Calvinism And Protestantism Within The Dutch Revolt

Topics: Christianity, Christianity, Calvinism Pages: 5 (1151 words) Published: March 21, 2018

Another aspect of religious and social impact on Calvinism and Protestantism within the Dutch revolt, was during the Second Revolt, in which large favouritism towards views of Godly intervention, began to take shape. This is outlined through the declaration of 20 July 1572, in which the Prince of Orange had promised religious freedom to “Reformed and Roman Catholic, in public or private, in church or in chapel.” to all individuals within the new version of the republic still locked in conflict with the Spaniards. This declaration was the first official documentation of religious practice becoming fully open and inclusive and showed that the newly found state, was a place of opposition to the oppressive policies of the Spanish, and instead promoted...

From August 1572 onwards, Calvinists began to take control over property, buildings, and businesses within the Republic. Furthermore, Calvinist exiles who fled during the oppressive Spanish policies, began to flock back to the country in mass, leading to the organization of a formal Reformed church in the majority of communities. Thirdly, the establishment of institutions such as that of Classis(equivalent to the Scottish presbytery) was a monumental movement away from initial policies of true religious unity and equality, as the classis survived religious and ecclesiastical affairs of all communities within a region, importantly checking any Romish or Anabaptist tendences among individuals insuring they preached the “true word.” Overall, through the initial reaction and promises of equality for all religions, and the eventual movement towards a system in which Calvinism flourished. It can be observed that the impact of the Dutch Revolt on Calvinist individuals was that of beneficial and progressive in regards to social, economic, and religious elements of...

Through the States-General Edict which became the de facto “Declaration of Independence,” the conflict would come to end, however the mention of religious-freedom was that of minimal within this formal documentation, in which during the revolt religion was that of utmost importance, only referring to religion as that of requiring a “firm peace guaranteeing some freedoms granted in mercy, principally the freedom of religion for this mainly concerns God.” This slight mention can be observed as being in contradiction to early actions and e writings in which religion was of utmost value, and one of the largest catalysts for revolution. This philosophical change shows that during the revolt movement away from religious equality, had transferred into a state of mind which supported Calvinist supremacy within the early modern United Netherlands. Furthermore, this interpretation of a movement away of religious equality can be shown through several attempts by the States-General to impose government policies in which religious unity and equality was ignored, and later on the ravaging on Dutch Catholic communities, in which clerical property, and the clergy itself was directly attacked in attempt to...
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