psy 270 - Checkpoint

Topics: Bipolar disorder, Major depressive disorder, Mania Pages: 6 (729 words) Published: June 1, 2014

Erlin O. Reyes
PSY 270

There are times when an individual encounters some personal weakness. A close relative might pass away or we might experience a stage of a financial crisis. These unfortunate events create some depressive emotion such as, sadness, anxiety and aggregation, etc., which come and go. Different levels of these emotions develop high levels of stress, in which it may produce major depressive disorders. Major depression and mania are the key emotions in mood disorders. Exaggerated beliefs that the world is theirs for the taking (Comer, 2011.) Individuals with mood disorders only suffer from depression, a pattern called unipolar depression (Comer, 2011.) Others experience periods of mania that shift with periods of depression and high levels of energy referenced as, bipolar. Unipolar

Unipolar depression characterized by a depressed mood, lack of interest in daily activities. Changes in weight and sleep, fatigue, feelings of worthiness, guilt, and trouble concentrating (Schimelpfening, 2007.) When diagnosed with the aforementioned symptoms, the person experiences five symptoms of depression, lasting for two weeks or more (Comer, 2011.) This disorder can occur to anyone from a biological standpoint or from many other psychological factors such as, social, cultural, and other emotional akin.

How common is unipolar depression? Our electronic reading, context that about seven percent of males suffer from an undesirable unipolar pattern every year. Women are twice as much to fall into depression (Comer, 2011.) These syndromes exist in all countries and different socioeconomic social groups.

The five areas unipolar syndrome triggers coincide with emotional, motivational, behavioral, and cognitive symptoms. Conversely, once these areas are dejected, the person will suffer patterns of depression. In which affects their daily life routines such as, work, school and any other productive activities surrounded in their lives. Bipolar

Bipolar disorder experiences both shallow moments of depression and the highs of mania. An individual can suffer from episodes of depression (Comer, 2011.) They alter from extreme moods of dramatic and inappropriate rises in function. They conceivably take a form of bipolar I and bipolar II, or cyclothymic disorder. Mania relates with the biological views that describe the activity of low level of serotonin activity. The biological view that describes that two neurotransmitters, nephrine and serotonin, activate depression. By the improper transport of ions back and forth between the outside and the inside of a neuron’s membrane (Comer, 2012.) There are other focused areas of deficiencies of other chemicals enclosed by certain neurons, and other uncovered abnormalities.

When a person experiences a full manic episode they take up on full blast of energetic activity. They built up powerful emotions in search of a conduit. They experience patterns of joyful happiness, but some, instead become tetchy and angry.

The differences in these two disorders exist that a unipolar depression can be treated in a less amount of time than bipolar syndrome. Unipolar depression has come to be one of most treatable of all psychological disorders (Comer, 2011.) Individuals with bipolar fail to remain coherent or in touch with reality (Comer, 2011.) They also require longer periods of treatment and their symptoms extend up 2-3 years. Treatments

Treatments for unipolar depressions are one of the most successful that has made a tremendous achievement. Interpersonal therapy, cognitive therapy and antidepressant drugs, become helpful in cases of treatments. Treatments consist of antidepressant drugs, and several brain stimulation techniques. Two kinds of drugs discovered in the 1950s reduce the symptoms of depression: monoamine oxidase (MAO)...
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