School: University of Phoenix
Instructor: Lorry Bradley, M.A.
By: Ronald Berry
1. Case Study 1 DSM – IV: Schizoid Personality Disorder
A. Causes: When it comes to this disorder the exact cause is unknown, even though a combination of environmental and genetic factors especially in early childhood have been link to be the contributing cause of development of all disorders. Many people with this disorder may have had parents who were unresponsive to their emotional needs. Some may have been thin – skinned or hypersensitive when they were children with their needs being addressed as an annoyance or even met with scorn. A person’s family history can increase the chance of developing this disorder.
B. Treatments: Currently there is no treatment for this disorder. Some doctor’s may treat the symptoms associated with this disorder such as depression and anxiety by medicating the patient. Psychotherapy: One of the most common therapies is cognitive behavior which help solved issues you may have with behaviors and beliefs. For some group therapy can be more productive, because of the interaction with others who are also learning new interpersonal skills. This therapy can also increase your social motivation and be a support structure.
2. DSM – IV: Narcissistic Personality Disorder
A. Causes: When it comes to this disorder the cause is unknown. This one of many mental disorders and the cause is a mystery of complexity. Many psychologist have long believe that dyfunctunality in childhood, such as extremely high expectations, excessive pampering, and neglect or abuse play a role in this disorder, but can not provide definitive data to prove this theory.
B. Treatment: To identify unhealthy behavior cognitive therapy is recommended. To explore issues
References: 1. Comer, R. J. (2011). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology (6th ed.), New York, NY: Worth retrieved from chapter 13 personality disorder, chapter 6 somatoform and dissociative disorders 2. Schizoid personality disorder, Dec. 6 (2010), N.A., retrieved from www.mayoclinic.com 3. Narcissistic personality disorder, Nov. 4, (2010), N.A., retrieved from www.mayhoclinic.com 4. Dissociative Disorders, March 3, (2011), N.A., retrieved from www.mayoclinic.com 5. Somatoform Disorders, February (2010), N.A., retrieved from www.familydoctor.org