Positive and Negative Aspects of Abortion

Topics: Abortion, Pregnancy, Roe v. Wade Pages: 7 (2659 words) Published: April 24, 2011
“Abortion is defined as the ending of a pregnancy before birth” (O’ Brien). “Half the percentage of women getting an abortion done is below the age of 25” (Buzzle 1). “Abortions caused by rape, incest and possible health concerns to mother or baby constitute just seven percent” (1). A little more than half of the abortions performed, are on women who have never been married (1). Abortion is one of the most debated topics in today’s society (1). Many people have opposing sides, in which they take because they do not agree with the concept of abortion (1). There are two main sides to the argument of abortion (1). One side of the argument is that abortion should be considered murder because people believe that the life of the child starts as soon as it was conceived (O’ Brian, 15). The other side that people can argue is that there are circumstances where abortion should be allowed (15). There are many positive and negative aspects of abortion. Abortion has a huge effect on today’s society. Abortion was first practiced by the Hebrews (O’ Brien 15). The Hebrews did the procedure only when the mother’s health or her life was at risk (15). At first, the Christian church was against the idea of abortion (15). Later on for the Christians, abortion became debatable in whether or not it is ethical (15). During the 1300’s through the 1800’s, abortion was accepted in Europe only if it was performed within forty days after the child was conceived and if the mother’s life was at risk (15). If a child was aborted after the forty days, many people frowned on the idea but did not consider it murder to the child (15). The idea in which abortion should be acceptable or not has changed over hundreds of years, for example: In 1895, the Roman Catholic Church declared that abortion is never justifiable. Today, the Catholic Church condemns all forms of direct abortion-that is, the intentional ending of pregnancy. Current Catholic teachings permits indirect abortion, in which the fetus is lost as a side effect of medical treatment designed to save the mother’s life (15). Most Americas believe that abortion should be legal (O’ Brien 15). Even though some people disagree with the concept of abortion, those people protect individual rights and allow abortion (15). Some also believe that the government should allow the individual state to decide whether or not to have abortion legal (15). In the early 1970’s, fourteen states had encouraged abortion if the mother’s life was at risk or if the mother had been raped (15). During the case of Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court had ruled that states could not prevent mothers from having an abortion during the first trimester (first three months) of her pregnancy (15). They stated that an abortion usually does not put the mother in as much risk of losing her life as a full nine months of being pregnant (15). They also said that the individual state can regulate abortion if the mother’s life is at risk during the second trimester of her pregnancy (15). During the third trimester states can regulate abortion, considering the mother’s interest and the unborn child’s interest (15). “The Row v. Wade decision stated that the U.S. Constitution implies the right of privacy and allows a woman to decide for herself if she will have an abortion” (15). During the case decision in 1973, they had issues on deciding when the fetus becomes viable (15). They stated that “Viability is usually placed at about seven months (twenty-eight weeks) but may occur earlier, even at twenty-four weeks” (15). Throughout the case of Roe v. Wade, they came to a conclusion that states a woman has the right to her privacy and can decide on her own if an abortion is necessary (15). After the decision was finalized, groups were formed to oppose abortion (15). The groups that were formed against abortion included, the National Right to Life Committee, the Christian Coalition and Operation Rescue (15). These groups protest their...

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O’Brien, David. “Abortion.” World Book. 1995.
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