The Political allegory of George Orwell's
In 1984, by George Orwell, the reader sees a primary theme of political allegory and satire. Orwell is presenting the world of 1984 as a satiric statement of what might come to pass, though of course its exact form could never be predicted, if the world did not become aware of the terrible problems facing it, not in 1984, but here and now. Orwell wrote the novel not as a prediction, but as a warning. He believed that in many ways society was regressing back in the direction of barbarism, and that in the fight against fascism and other totalitarian and terroristic systems of government, even Western liberal society was being corrupted and was adopting the techniques used by its enemies. "Orwell's purpose in writing was not only to record what was happening in the world and to project ahead in order to make men realize what was happening and likely to happen. It was as much or more his purpose to change the world"(Ranald).
George Orwell wrote an article on Arthur Koestler in 1944, which expresses the various aspects of his conflict about the question of social revolution. At one point he wrote, "It is quite possible that man's major problems will never be solved. But it is also unthinkable! Who is there who dares to look at the world of today and say to himself, It will always be like this:'....."
That is Orwell's confession of his passionate inability to live without commitment to the idea of change. 1984 is the kind of book in which a writer finally explores the limits of his obsessions and the darkest aspects of themes he has been concerned with for years. Homage to Catalonia, Animal Farm, and 1984 are all concerned with political evil, the misuse of language, the destruction of history and the objective Koestler as "the impossibility of combining power with righteousness." Homage to Catalonia is documentary and journalism. Animal Farm is a fable. Orwell rewrote it with human beings as the personae in 1984. All three books express his unique assumption that evil is primarily political. The two best-known works of Orwell, the beast fable and the anti-Utopian fiction seem to have more universal satirical meanings. Both books deal with what Orwell called "the central question-how to prevent power from being abused." Furthermore, both deal with the corruption of an originally revolutionary ideal into just another dictatorial regime. As if Orwell is saying, men will always allow themselves to be tricked and to behave, in the terms of Animal Farm, like Boxer and sheep. There are many similarities between the two works. In both, there is an originally idealistic Revolution which has become corrupt. There is an all-powerful Leader who has maintained power by force, trickery, and terrorism. In both, Orwell shows the perversion of a noble idea. Human equality into a sinister myth bearing no relation to the actual situation, and indulged by a propaganda agency (the Ministry of Truth in 1984 and Squealer in Animal Farm) which has in each case the task of deceiving the general population.
Animal Farm is a satire that uses its characters to symbolize leaders of the Russian Revolution. The animals of "Manor Farm," the setting of this novel, which symbolizes Russia,
overthrow their human master after years of mistreatment. Led by the pigs, the farm animals continue to do their work, only with more pride, knowing that they are working for themselves, as opposed to working for their human master. Slowly over time the pigs gain power and take advantage of the other animals. They gain so much power that they become just as power hungry and corrupt as their human master. The theme in the novel being that in every society there are leaders who will, if given the chance, likely abuse their position. Old Major is a prize white boar who helps point out to the animals that no animal in England is free. He...
Bibliography: Orwell, George. 1984. Signet Books: the New American Library of World Literature, Inc., New York, N.Y., 1950.
Koestler, Arthur. Critical Essay. Secker and Warburg, London, 1946.
Ranald, Ralph. Monarch Notes. Simon & Schuster division of Gulf & Western Co. Simon & Schuster Building. New York, N.Y., 1965
Ferrell, Keith. George Orwell The Political Pen. M. Evans and Company, Inc. New York, N.Y. 1985
A. 1984 not as a prediction but as a warning
2. Reality is reverse of the language used to designate it
V. 1984 as a satire on the intellectual and a defense of intellectual freedom
Please join StudyMode to read the full document