Physiology

Topics: Malaria, Fever, Obesity Pages: 6 (819 words) Published: April 22, 2014
 Be able to relate routine variations in body structure and functioning to care received by individuals.

Case Facts.
A certain woman aged 65 years decided to take a trip to Harare the capital city of Zimbabwe. She stayed in Harare for two weeks then flew back to London. Afterwards, she reported of having fever whereby blood tests confirmed she had malaria infection. Her GP also noted she was Obese with high blood pressure besides Osteoarthritis.
(Images.nationalgeographic.com,n.d.) Introduction
Malaria is a common infection, which mostly affects people inhabiting hot regions within the tropics (Mandal, 2013). The illness is from a parasite of the plasmodium species, which is Anopheles mosquito (Marcus, 2009). The mosquito bites an infected person and later infects another person by biting him or her (Mandal, 2013). Malaria is a killer disease responsible for approximately death of 1 million people annually. The infected person usually becomes feeble and lucks appetite. If not promptly treated, one may end up dying due to the malady’s severity (Mandal, 2013). Signs and symptoms of malaria

Signs and symptoms this predicament usually begins a few weeks after the Anopheles mosquito bites the victim (Marcus, 2009). Early symptoms comprise irritability, drowsiness, poor sleeping conditions and luck of appetite among the infected person. After a couple of days, the victim experiences intense chills, high fever and rapid breathing (Marcus, 2009). The body temperature and fever may sometimes reduce to normal but during this times the victim experiences severe sweating (Mandal, 2013). In severe cases, the victims experience headache, vomiting and Diarrhea (Marcus, 2009). Treatment

The treatment of malaria varies with the complication of the infection (Marcus, 2009). If the case is not complicated, anti-malaria drugs prescribed may be able to reduce the ability of the parasite to develop (Mandal, 2013). Severe malaria requires the introduction of anti malarial drugs and supportive measures performed at a critical care unit (Marcus, 2009). During treatment the patient’s age, weight and place of infection accounts for the type and doses of anti malarial drugs the doctor prescribes to the patient (Mandal, 2013).Medication for malaria: Malarone, Mefloquine, Doxycyline, Coartem. Hypertension

Mostly, this condition encompasses human arteries developing thick lining responsible for creating a hindrance to ease flow of blood (Mandal, 2013). Therefore, the heart in turn responds by increasing its rate with which it ensures effective circulation throughout the body. Antihypertensive medication: Ace inhibitors, ARB drugs, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers. Osteoarthritis

(Health.rush.edu ,n.d)

Osteoarthritis is a type of bone’s defect mostly affecting human body joints. Mostly, this predicament is evident among aged people who based on medical statistics record high prevalence (Arden, Arden & Hunter, 2008). The protective cartilages on the ends of the bones wear out with time making the victim vulnerable to Osteoarthritis. The disease commonly affects hands, neck, knees and lower back as well as hip of the body (Arden, Arden & Hunter, 2008). The defect gradually worsens with time due to absence of precise cure meant to either treat or put it at bay (Arden, Arden & Hunter, 2008). Signs and symptoms

Symptoms vary from one person to another depending on the age and health conditions of the victim. However, there are several general signs that patients with the defect experience. The victims experience mild inflammation around the joints and bony growths developing around the joint edges (Arden, Arden & Hunter, 2008). Joint stiffness and pain may be noticeable in any movement made by the patient (Arden, Arden & Hunter,...

References: Arden, E., Arden, N., & Hunter, D. 2008. Osteoarthritis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mandal, A. 2013. Malaria - What is Malaria? The New York Times. [Online] 2nd June Available from: http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/malaria/ [Accessed: 2nd June 2013].
Marcus, B. A. 2009. Malaria. New York: Chelsea House.
Health.rush.edu(n.d.) Untitled. [Online] Avalable at: http://health.rush.edu/HealthInformation/graphics/images/en/19678.jpg [Accessed: 3 June 2013].
Images.nationalgeographic.com(n.d.)Untitled. [Online] Avalable at:http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-life/photos/000/008/cache/anopheles-mosquito_816_600x450.jpg[Accessed: 3 June 2013].
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