Philippine Literature

Topics: Literature, Short story, Fiction Pages: 101 (21902 words) Published: September 4, 2011
1 Lesson 1 Introduction


It gives nostalgic feelings and enjoyment to re-examine the comedies, tragedies and inspiration of the beautiful Filipino poems, stories, essays and plays. Going over them is a very wonderful experience. It enables you to magnify your appreciation of literary selections and see the role they play in society and even grow and evolve through your literary journey.


At the end of the lesson, you should be able to:

1. State the meaning of literature;
2. Discuss the importance of literature;
3. Appreciate the extent of literature in all aspects of human environment; 4. Familiarize yourselves with the types of literature;
Compare and contrast the four literary genres

1.1 Topic -

What is Literature?

Literature seems too difficult to embrace to people who are indifferent to it. However, it continues to grow and stay because of its significance and value to man. Literature is an art of self-expression. Literally, it means "an acquaintance with letters" as in the first sense given in the Oxford English Dictionary. In Latin "littera" means an individual written character. It represents a language or people; culture or tradition, passion and dignified thoughts. It introduces us to new world of experience. It records the experience of man. It imitates and interprets life through language. Everything that is written is literature.

Importance of Literature

Literature molds man as a total human being, sympathetic, aware and sensitive. It educates and entertains. When we read literature, we are informed of events that beset our environment and the fictitious characters and colorful events amuse us. Literature leads us to understand the life of man. It is important to us because it speaks to us and it affects us. Even when literature is seemingly ugly, it is still beautiful. It enlivens human interest and enriches and colors our imagination. It is an expression of thought, feeling, emotions and attitudes towards life. It shapes our minds that make us changed individuals.

Literature shapes man not only as nurses, engineers, accountants, teachers, doctors, computer specialists, information technologists, etc. but as man, his personality, his views and ideas count.

Literature entails reading. In order to appreciate a literary piece, you may follow some guidelines to follow in reading.

You have to read with purpose, not just for the story.

For example: If the story is recreational, it should always be interesting and provide pleasure, but you should know how to read for more than just pleasure. You should read with a purpose.

You should be able to avoid reading selections and television or video presentations that tackle details of sin, crime and violence. If you pursue it, do it with a good purpose.

Individual titles should be evaluated with careful regard to the positive principles set forth in Ellen White’s writings which make the readers experience peace of mind and a reassurance of soul, which tends toward sensible, moral, and compassionate living, and that the titles can satisfy the deepest yearnings of the human heart.


You should be able to discriminate between the best and the inferior literature.


Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report, if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things. (Phil 4:8)

1.2 Types of Literature

Types of Literature

Literature falls into two major types: oral and written. Oral literature includes ballads, myth, jokes, folktales and fables; whereas written source has drama, novel, poetry and nonfictional literature.

Kinds of Literature according to Structure

Poetry -- is an artistic piece of philosophical, personal, imaginative or inspirational nature that is laid out in lines.

Prose -- is a literary piece that is written without...
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