Overpopulation in China and India

Topics: One-child policy, Overpopulation, Demography Pages: 4 (1360 words) Published: June 10, 2012
With the growth and development of all powerful countries comes an increase of population. India and China, both rapidly growing countries of power, serve as fine examples of this. Both of the countries inhabit over one billion people, something that no other countries in the world can say about themselves (Rosenburg China). While these two nations have improved industrially and economically, their populations have grown drastically as well. To stifle over-population, both countries responded by establishing rules and regulations such as China’s One-Child Policy and India’s National Population Policy. Some of the policies created by China and India have shown to be very effective in repressing the growth of the population while others barely make a difference. Differing ideas and approaches to enforcement have produced different effects which, ultimately, help people know whose policy is more effective. China’s One-Child Policy has proven to be more successful than India’s policies because the when the policy’s enactment, paired with strict enforcement, brought about beneficial effects. When India gained its independence from England in 1947, their economy began to improve and the country started to establish their authority in the world. In addition, their population started to grow at a more rapid pace. India had old traditions embedded in their culture. Traditions like child marriage, early pregnancy and having many children lead to uncontrolled increase in population. In 1952, when the government finally saw how scarce their resources had become, the National Population Policy became the first official step towards control over population growth (“India Population and”). It sought to address the need for contraception, healthcare infrastructure and to provide basic reproductive and child health care to its people. However, India was not rigid in implementing its policies. They took a milder approach in controlling the population by integrating family...

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