Outline and Explain the Inequalities in Health and Illness According to Social Class

Good Essays
Outline and explain the inequalities in health and illness according to social class.
This essay will explain the inequalities that occur in health and social care due to social class. It will show statistics of health and mortality rates and distinguish between different approaches to health. It will show factors that can influence an individuals health such as class, society and individual choice.
Inequalities in health are a long standing and well recognised part of modern society. Within society the opportunity to live a healthy life free from illness is not evenly balanced between the classes.(Yuill,2010).
To define what is meant by social class, Crompton (2008 ) page 95 said, “A social class is two or more orders of people who are ranked by society. Members of a class tend to marry within their own order, but the values of society permit them to marry up or down. A class system also provides that a child is born into the same class as their parents.” There are two main scales that define class in society. The National Statistics Socio-economic Classification Scale breaks society down into eight main classes. The Standard Occupational Classification (2000) breaks society into nine classes but has many subdivisions in between.
To define what is meant by health varies widely between organisation’s but the most commonly used definition is one given by the World Health Organisation which says “ Health is a complete state of physical, mental and social wellbeing.”(Tulchinsky, 2009, page 47). Surrounding the issue of health there are two main ‘models’ which are used. The medical model is based around the absence of disease or disability. If an individual has no disease or disability they are thought of as being in good health. The medical model focuses on the treatment and cure of disease and not on the cause or prevention (Eldin, G,2000) . The social model, according to, Barkaway 2009, health is seen as partially attributed to the social circumstances of

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Explain patterned inequalities in health and illness. Evaluate sources of evidence with regards to class, gender, ethnicity and age There are many different reasons why health inequalities exist due to many factors one extremely important one is social class. Socio-economic inequalities have been researched in the UK for many years. In the early 20th century the government started an occupational census which gave the researchers the opportunity to examine health outcomes of social class. The…

    • 1511 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Task 3 – Inequalities in Health and Illness (P3,M2,D1) Gender (P3) - Mortality rates: In gender men generally die earlier than women because of many aspects of their life, for instance in general women tend to take care of them self more physically. A lot of women go on diets and a lot of exercise DVDs and detunes are mainly aimed at women. Women in general do try to eat healthy and go on diets whereas men usually aren't very aware of their diet and don’t have much intention on improving it. Women…

    • 2609 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Social Class and Inequality

    • 3206 Words
    • 13 Pages

    Social Class and Inequality Social inequality has been defined as a conflicting status within a society with regards to the individual, property rights, and access to education, medical care, and welfare programs. Much of society’s inequality can be attributed to the class status of a particular group, which has usually been largely determined by the group’s ethnicity or race (Macionis & Gerber, 2006). The conflict perspective is an attempt to understand the group conflict that…

    • 3206 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Outline and assess Marxist explanations of social class inequalities In society there are many different factors which divide us and result in social inequality. In this essay, I will be covering social class. Karl Marx believed that in society, there are two major social classes, the bourgeoisie and the proletariats. The bourgeoisie are basically the upper class; in order for you to be classed as a part of them you must own the means of production such as factories etc. In order for these factories…

    • 699 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Health and Social Class

    • 2277 Words
    • 10 Pages

    has on an individual’s health. “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (WHO, 1948.) Social Stratification is a term used by sociologists to describe inequalities that exist between society and us as individuals and can also be described as a hierarchy with the less privileged people at the bottom and the more favoured people at the top. (Giddens, 2006) Anthony Giddens (2006) defines class as “a large-scale group…

    • 2277 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    to socioeconomic status influencing inequitable health outcomes. Social inequalities in health are traditionally measured by examining differences in education status, income, housing and environment (Currie et al, ). Ensuring that health discrimination is measured and acknowledged, provides a vital foundation for action. By incorporating a health focus across many areas of government departments, these inequalities can be enhanced (Primary Health Care Research & Information Service, 2016).…

    • 75 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    to Sociology Web Quest #2 Social class is more than just how much money you have, it’s also the clothes you wear, the school you attend, the home you live in and the car you drive. What social class you belong to has a very large impact on how you interact with others. People from lower classes have a different way of thinking about the world. Lower class people have to depend on others more and are much better at reading others emotions where as upper-class people don’t read others emotions…

    • 910 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Another lense through which inequality can be conveyed through is the social and income class lense. Depending on one’s class standing, it has the ability to determine a lot about a person’s life, including: access to opportunities at higher paying jobs and higher education, as well as the ability to live a healthier, safer and more comfortable life. Those that are able to afford, or have the social status to achieve more luxurious options, tend to have their feelings of power and privilege be enforced…

    • 381 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Class Inequality

    • 6607 Words
    • 27 Pages

    Social Inequality Unit 08 What is the relationship between social class and inequality? Learning targets: • There are class differences in life chances in the UK. • People from the lower social classes appear to be the victims of discrimination in the UK • Britain is seen as a meritocracy by many, but the evidence suggests that class inequalities are entrenched in our society. • There are those who believe that the social changes that have come about in…

    • 6607 Words
    • 27 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Another significant privilege was my inexperience of racialized social control in my educational capital. Racialize social control is the regulation and repression of a certain race (Rios, 30). To illustrate, my high school was divided into two; the top floor was the magnet program and the rest of the school was for regulars. The schools physical structure depicts the social class within the school system that students are categorized into. Ironically, I was enrolled in the regular school, but because…

    • 421 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays