Outline and evaluate Bruce and Young's theory of face recognition

Good Essays
The face recognition model developed by Bruce and Young has eight key parts and it suggests how we process familiar and unfamiliar faces, including facial expressions. The diagram below shows how these parts are interconnected. Structural encoding is where facial features and expressions are encoded. This information is translated at the same time, down two different pathways, to various units. One being expression analysis, where the emotional state of the person is shown by facial features. By using facial speech analysis we can process auditory information. This was shown by McGurk (1976) who created two video clips, one with lip movements indicating 'Ba' and other indicating 'Fa'. Both clips had the sound 'Ba' played over the clip. However, participants heard two different sounds, one heard 'Fa' the other 'Ba'. This suggests that visual and auditory information work as one. Other units include Face Recognition Units (FRUs) and Person Identity Nodes (PINs) where our previous knowledge of faces is stored. The cognitive system contains all additional information, for example it takes into account your surroundings, and who you are likely to see there.

fMRI scans done by Kanwisher et al. (1997) showed that the fusiform gyrus in the brain was more active in face recognition than object recognition, this suggests and supports the idea that face recognition involves a separate processing mechanism. This model suggests that we process familiar and unfamiliar faces differently. That we process familiar faces using; structural encoding, FRUs, PINs and Name Generation. However, we use structural encoding, expression analysis, facial speech analysis and direct visual processing to process unfamiliar faces.

However, there is evidence by Young et al. suggesting that the idea of double association is poor. He studied 34 brain damaged men, finding there was only weak evidence for any difference between recognising familiar and unfamiliar faces. An issue with this

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Describe and evaluate Bruce and Young's model of face recognition (8+16marks) Bruce young’s model of face recognition starts with structural encoding, where the face is seen and the features are analysed. The model then splits up into separate compartments one for familiar faces and the other for unfamiliar faces. [AO1] The first of these compartments is the name generation system, which consists of eight separate processes. The first stage being the structural encoding where the face perceived is…

    • 1057 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    B9780444 Are faces special in terms of how we process and recognize them? Critically discuss with reference to theoretical models of recognition? Recognition is a process which involves us using basic sensory descriptions of an object and turning it into a 3D description, this description must then match stored representations of what we have seen before, irrespective of the angle its seen from. The process has 3 stages, Converting, Comparing and Identifying. An object model of recognition we will…

    • 2154 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Face Recognition

    • 33246 Words
    • 133 Pages

    REVIEWS, REFINEMENTS AND NEW IDEAS IN FACE RECOGNITION Edited by Peter M. Corcoran Reviews, Refinements and New Ideas in Face Recognition Edited by Peter M. Corcoran Published by InTech Janeza Trdine 9, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia Copyright © 2011 InTech All chapters are Open Access articles distributed under the Creative Commons Non Commercial Share Alike Attribution 3.0 license, which permits to copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt the work in any medium, so long as the original work is properly…

    • 33246 Words
    • 133 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Face Recognition

    • 1428 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Joyce Brown Face Recognition The purpose of this paper is to explain the processes associated with face recognition, identification and classification, the role of encoding and retrieval processes involved with long-term memory and how it affects face recognition, and identify two possible errors that can occur with face recognition. Face perception is multifaceted, individuals are capable of gathering a continuous stream of social information, ranging from verbal and nonverbal communication…

    • 1428 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Face Recognition Paper

    • 1206 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Recognizing Faces Donna Bryant April 22, 2013 PSYCH/560 Brian Uldall, Ph.D. Recognizing Faces As people age, they want to remember things from his or her past. The mind ages as the body does. As one grows older, the physical and mental changes start to appear. This paper will evaluate face recognition, identification, and classification on it. The second part will explain the role of concepts and categories in face recognition. The paper will evaluate the role of encoding and retrieval…

    • 1206 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    FACE RECOOGNITION This essay will talk about face recognition and several reasons why it has been studied separately. The ability to recognise faces is of huge significance of people’s daily life and differs in important ways from other forms of object recognition (Bruce and Young, 1986). Than this essay will talk about the processes involved in face recognition which comes from the diversity of research about familiar and unfamiliar faces-it includes behavioural studies, studies on brain-damaged…

    • 1117 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Automatic Face Recognition

    • 1933 Words
    • 8 Pages

    AUTOMATIC FACE RECOGNITION INTRODUCTION: A facial recognition system is a computer application for automatically identifying or verifying a person from a digital image or a video frame from a video source. One of the ways to do this is by comparing selected facial features from the image and a facial database. It is typically used in security systems and can be compared to other biometrics such as fingerprint or eye iris recognition systems. Final template TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUES:…

    • 1933 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Outline and evaluate learning theory as an explanation of attachment. Classical conditioning - Before attachment is learned, the infant gains pleasure through being fed. Food is the unconditioned stimulus and pleasure is the unconditioned response. When the infant is being fed, the infant associates the person providing the food with the food. The primary caregiver is the neutral stimulus, which becomes associated with food (the unconditioned stimulus). When the attachment has been learned…

    • 427 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Face Recognition System

    • 5085 Words
    • 21 Pages

    related to the study being conducted. This will serve as a guide. According to: Anil K. Jain, Brendan Klare, and Unsang Park of Michigan State University. Face Recognition Face recognition is the task of recognizing a person using digital face images. A FRS is typically designed to output a measure of similarity between two face images. Automated FRSs typically involve finding key facial landmarks (such as the center of the eyes) for alignment, normalizing the face’s appearance, choosing…

    • 5085 Words
    • 21 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Face Recognition: Impairments in Prosopagnosia Prosopagnosia, also called face blindness, is a neuropsychological condition that refers to impairment in the recognition of faces. Although prosopagnosic patients suffer from other types of recognition impairments (place recognition, car recognition, facial expression of emotion, est.), they experience face recognition problems above or over other types impairments. Prosopagnosia occurs without intellectual, sensory or cognitive impairments; in other…

    • 1945 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays