Origin of Non-Alignment Movement in India

Powerful Essays
-------------------------------------------------
Origin of Non alignment movement[edit source]
Nonalignment had its origins in India's colonial experience and the nonviolent Indian independence struggle led by the Congress, which left India determined to be the master of its fate in an international system dominated politically by Cold War alliances and economically by Western capitalism and Soviet communism. The principles of nonalignment, as articulated by Nehru and his successors, were preservation of India's freedom of action internationally through refusal to align India with any bloc or alliance, particularly those led by the United States or the Soviet Union; nonviolence and international cooperation as a means of settling international disputes. Nonalignment was a consistent feature of Indian foreign policy by the late 1940s and enjoyed strong, almost unquestioning support among the Indian elite.
The term "Non-Alignment" was coined by V K Menon in his speech at UN in 1953 which was later used by Indian Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru during his speech in 1954 in Colombo, Sri Lanka. In this speech, Nehru described the five pillars to be used as a guide for Sino-Indian relations, which were first put forth by Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai. Called Panchsheel (five restraints), these principles would later serve as the basis of the Non-Aligned Movement. The five principles were: 1. Mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty 2. Mutual non-aggression 3. Mutual non-interference in domestic affairs 4. Equality and mutual benefit 5. Peaceful co-existence
Jawaharlal Nehru's concept of nonalignment brought India considerable international prestige among newly independent states that shared India's concerns about the military confrontation between the superpowers and the influence of the former colonial powers. New Delhi used nonalignment to establish a significant role for itself as a leader of the newly independent

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Non-Alignment movement

    • 1498 Words
    • 6 Pages

    WHAT IS NON-ALIGNMENT MOVEMENT?? The NAM can be defined as: The international forum of the people of the third World who openly attack and cancel out the desire for creating the spheres of control by the super powers and thus is an important and effective organ against Colonialism and imperialism." HISTORY: De-colonization The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was created and founded during the collapse of the colonial system and the independence struggles of the…

    • 1498 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Non-Aligned Movement

    • 3254 Words
    • 14 Pages

    Research Questions: Non-Aligned Movement as a possible factor of stability in the postwar, block world through the role of the Yugoslav foreign policy. Introduction The direct consequences of the Second World War were distrust winner countries that leads to division and the Cold War conditions, and other consequences, positive one was formation of independent states that emerged from the former colonies. Despite the political recognition of the newly established state they were in the economic…

    • 3254 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    inception of it- which seemed to be the consequence of the government’s long-term counterinsurgency plans. Nevertheless, a more significant issue as opposed to the origin of this movement, addressed in this paper would be- the underling justification and reasoning behind its relation to society, the extent of the state’s investment into this movement and the vicious repercussions…

    • 796 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    against them. In this essay we are going to discuss the origins of the modern restorative justice movement, explain how the principles and practices of restorative justice relate to its historical, theological, and social-work roots, describe how restorative practices, including re-integrative shaming, differ from retributive practices, including both the philosophical and practical differences. Origins of Restorative Justice Movement…

    • 773 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) PREAMBLE Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an important world organization of the third world countries who do not wish to be aligned with any of the big powers.The NAM can be defined as: “The international forum of the people of the third World who openly condemn and negate the lust for creating the spheres of influence by the super powers and thus is an important and effective organ against Colonialism and imperialism.” REASONS FOR THE FORMATIONS OF NAM The World War…

    • 733 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Quit India Movement

    • 893 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Comprehensive Essay on Quit India Movement R JHABBU The Second World War broke out in 1939 between Germany, Italy and Japan on the one side and the Great Britain, France, U.S.A. and Soviet Russia on the other. The Congress opposed the aggregation of Germany and Italy under Hitler and Mussolini and expressed its support for England and her allies. In August 1940, the Viceroy Linlithgow offered the congress a proposal to set upon a representative body to draft a new constitution for India and to enlarge the…

    • 893 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    freedom movements in India, Vietnam, and South Africa India, Vietnam, and South Africa, all gained independence through freedom movements headed by their ambitious leaders. Mohandas Gandhi, India’s freedom leader believed Satyagraha would help India to achieve its freedom. Satyagrapha was based upon the principles of nonviolence, civil disobedience, and the belief that the truth will set you free. Mohandas Gandhi, leader of the Indian National Congress wanted Swaraj, independence, in India. In 1930…

    • 525 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF INDIAN BANKING Opinions differ as to the origin of the work "Banking". The word "Bank" is said to be of Germanic origin, cognate with the French word "Banque" and the Italian word "Banca", both meaning "bench". It is surmised that the word would have drawn its meaning from the practice of the Jewish money-changers of Lombardy, a district in North Italy, who in the middle ages used to do their business sitting on a bench in the market place. Again, the etymological origin…

    • 1682 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Quit India Movement

    • 489 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The Quit Indian Movement (Bhart Chaado Andolan) or the August Movement (August Kranti) was a civil disobedience movement launched in India in August 1942 in response to Mohandas Gandhi’s call for immediate independence. Gandhi hoped to bring the British government to the negotiating table. On July 1942, the Indian National Congress passed a resolution demanding complete independence from the British government. The draft proposed that if the British did not accede to the demands, massive civil…

    • 489 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Quit India Movement

    • 2041 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Quit India Movement From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Quit india movement) Jump to: navigation, search The Quit India Movement (Hindi: ???? ????? ??????? Bharat Chodo Andolan), or the August Movement (August Kranti) was a civil disobedience movement launched in India in August 1942 in response to Mohandas Gandhi's call for immediate independence. The All-India Congress Committee proclaimed a mass protest demanding what Gandhi called "an orderly British…

    • 2041 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays