My coursework is a study of tourism on Bourton-on-the-water. In this coursework I will investigate two hypotheses. A hypothesis is an idea which can be tested based on geographical theory. To test these hypotheses we will use data collected from our Environmental Quality Survey and our Traffic count.
To carry out this study, we visited both Bourton-on-the-water and Charlbury. I went round in a group of four people and we all came to an appropriate final conclusion on each of the questions/observations asked of us. However due to any inaccuracies, we will be given a set of results that are most correct in future, to help us analyse the data as accurately as possible. The reason behind using
Bourton-on-the-water for a study is to hopefully
a contrasting pattern, therefore telling us whethere my
hypothesis is correct or not.
Bourton-on-the-water is a major tourist town, with picturesque views set in the heart of the Cotswold's. It has a steady growing population today but the 1991 census tells us that there was a population of around 3500 people. Bourton-on-the-water is located approximately 28 miles north west of Oxford and roughly 16 miles east of Cheltenham.
A map of the position of Bourton-on-the-water
Bourton on the water Charlbury
Tourism is described in the dictionary as:
The practice of traveling for pleasure.
The business of providing tours and services for tourists
The effects of tourism are grouped under different headings, these are;
Ø Social impacts
Ø Environmental impacts
Ø Economic impacts.
In order to assess impact of tourism on Bourton-on-the-water, I will compare and contrast impact of tourism at Bourton to a town which is not noted for tourism but a similar size. Such a
comparison will allow me to highlight the impacts of tourism in bourton.
Finally geographical theory asserts that tourism has a range of positive and negative impacts on the quality of life of an area. These can be seen below in the table. The aim of my study is to test the theory to see whether it is true for Bourton on the water.
To do this I will only use geographical
theory that is relevant to the hypothesis that I am testing.
Firstly, a group of around fifty or more students (including myself) travelled to Bourton-on-the-water on Thursday 1st of may .
We arrived at around 9.10 am and at the time it was slight drizzle with an overcast sky. We were given 2 and half hours to go around Bourton-on-the-water and to collect a sufficient amount of data. We collected data in groups of four or so and here are some of the methods and reasons for how we did it.
Ø Questionnaires/interviews- 20 samples of people were questioned at both locations, this was carried out to help us obtain relevant information to help us assess my hypothesis. 1- These were done to get an idea of where the tourists cam from and what they thought of the shops, environment. To ensure that people wouldn't turn away, we had to be as polite as possible and approach in small groups and act seriously. A copy of this is located in appendix 3
Ø Traffic counts were carried out, to do this we had to count the number of cars coming in and going out in 10 minutes, a map of the streets which we did the traffic counts on is underneath. We did this so that we could get an understanding of the amount of people entering and leaving Bourton and Charlbury. This will help us link things to noise, and air pollution. Also if there are any parking problems. This helps us when it comes the assessing the quality of the environment. A copy of this traffic count is located in appendix 2
Ø Environmental Quality Surveys, to do these we had to visit each area and assess the quality of the environment. This was conducted to help us assess the reasons behind tourists visiting an area. Places are visited because of the well-kept friendly...
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