odysseus and achilles

Good Essays
Aaron K. Gillespie Plotnik
ENG 220
Essay 1

Recipe For Remembrance

The ancient people of Greek mythology believed there was a recipe for a mortal man to claim immortality, and have a name that echoes throughout the ages. The ingredients can be found between the two very popular mythical figures of ancient Greece, Odysseus from Homer’s “The Odyssey and Achilles from his other timeless story, “The Iliad”. This document will relay the commonalities shared through tragedy, and revenge, along with the contrasting characteristics of personality, methodology in combat and, endured hardships. Through the combination of their trials, experiences, and personal attributes, we will not only be able to identify them thoroughly as men worthy of remembrance, but we will understand what factors occupy the paradigm for their ongoing example of immortality as myths. (The following differences and similarities will be discussed separately in whole between “The Iliad”, and “The Odyssey” to maintain chronological order) Homer’s story “The Iliad”, the story of the Trojan War is one of epic proportions, and offers many conflicts between its characters. From instances between gods, cities, kings, and warriors, there is no greater conflict than that between Achilles, and the Prince of Troy, Hector. Ironically the unforeseen issue between these two came about due to Achilles disdain for his king, Agamemnon. After Agamemnon frees Priam’s daughter he demands Achilles love interest Briseis. As an argument ensued over the matter Achilles proceeded to explain his resistance to Agamemnon’s future orders “What a poltroon, how lily-livered I should be called, if I Knuckled under to all you do or say! Give your commands to someone else, not me! And one more thing I have to tell you; think it over: this time, for the girl, I will not wrangle in arms with you anymore, though I am robbed of what was given me; but as for any other thing I have alongside my black ship, you

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    The Homeric epic, the Odyssey, is set in the peaceful years following the Trojan War, and concerns the returning heroes on their journeys home, in particular Odysseus of Ithaca. Odysseus is an epic hero; he displays courage, superior strength, and leadership, all qualities that people admire. While displaying these archetypal heroic traits he also displays his weaknesses as a man, particularly his excessive pride, which actually make him easy to relate to. So by demonstrating his strengths, and overcoming his weaknesses he becomes an epic hero, not only in Homer 's time but in the 21st century as well. Yet these archetypal heroic qualities are not his only heroic qualities, in order to win his battles and find his way home he needed to display other qualities such as cunning, shrewdness, and ingenuity.…

    • 1215 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Achilles and Gilgamesh

    • 718 Words
    • 2 Pages

    I believed it allowed spirituality and morality to be left open to interpretation. The Greeks went to oracles to have priest…

    • 718 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Iliad and Achilles

    • 478 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Hector and Achilles; the proud leaders of the Greeks and the Trojans dominate the battle field throughout The Iliad. Hector wins people's hearts, he is brave, strong, he cares for his family, he protects his people, and he leads his soldiers into battle! Achilles, on the other hand, is a cry baby, he stays in a corner when Agamemnon steals his slave girl and causes countless deaths on the Greek side. How can one argue that Achilles is a better leader when he acts so childish? To provide a base to my argument I will bring in some examples: Caesar: he conquered much of Gaul and Alexander the Great: he defeated the mighty Persian Empire. What do each of these leaders have in common? They won. A good leader will win, because at the end, winning is all that matters.…

    • 478 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Achilles in the Iliad

    • 2507 Words
    • 7 Pages

    The myth of Achilles, the great Greek warrior of the Trojan War, is focused on his awesome power and destructive capabilities. The opening line of The Iliad begs, “Sing, goddess, the anger of Peleus’ son Achilles and its devastation” as if his exploits needed an introduction (Homer 1.1-2). However, there lies a deeper story within the epic poem, which I found to be more impactful than any account of Achilles’ talent. Evidently, many artists and poets share my opinion, having responded to this aspect of the myth both in ancient and modern works. Of course the topic in question is the relationship between the hero Achilles and his dear companion Patroclus. Nothing brings out the tender, sensitive side of the hero but his love for Patroclus. This softer side of Achilles is noted not only by Homer in The Iliad, but also in ancient works of art, modern paintings, and more recent poetry. If it weren’t for the intensity of Achilles’ devotion to Patroclus he hardly would have become the myth he did, for he would not have fought at all in the Trojan War. Therefore, due to the vast quantity of artistic response, I think it fair to conclude that the story of Patroclus and Achilles’ relationship is more impressive and provocative than the epic as a whole.…

    • 2507 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Pride In The Iliad

    • 924 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The conflict began because Agamemnon was unwilling to give up his treasure, Chryseis, and believed that he should be “owed another prize” so he “wouldn't be the only Argive left without a gift” (Homer, Iliad 1. 126-127). Tensions began to rise between Achilles and Agamemnon as each of the powerful men voiced their opinions about the fairness of Agamemnon's demands. Eventually, the argument got to a breaking point when Achilles decided to “return home now to Phthia…” because he didn't “fancy staying here unvalued, to pile up riches, treasures just for you [Agamemnon]” (Homer, Iliad 1. 185-188). Achilles attempted to deliver revenge on the king for his disrespectful behavior by refusing to fight for him. His refusal to fight reinforces the importance of combat in Greek society and how not choosing to fight is seen as a big deal. Pride wounded by Achilles’ act of defiance, Agamemnon lashed out one last time by claiming to “take your [Achilles’] prize, fair-cheeked Briseis” (Homer, Iliad 1. 200-201). By wounding man’s pride, the need to get revenge was established through the dialogue exchanged between the two rival…

    • 924 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Odysseus: An Epic Hero

    • 619 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Odysseus, man of exceptional wit, bravery, and intelligence, epic hero The Odyssey written by Homer, is nothing short of extraordinary. He fearlessly leads his remaining men home to Ithaca, doing everything in his power to get them back alive and well. While this is undoubtedly a noble deed, Odysseus slips up more than he does any good, therefore making it unfit to call him a hero. A hero is someone who is compassionate, selfless, and wise. He is selfish, disloyal, hypocritical and harsh; everything a hero is not. Odysseus may be an epic hero, but he is far from a true one.…

    • 619 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Achilles and Odysseus, two main characters of two books Homer wrote, the Iliad and Odyssey, have different revenge methods. Odysseus keeps to himself shown as when Melanthius, his own servant, insulted and kicked Odysseus as an old beggar. Achilles in the other hand,when Patroclus, his best friend, was killed Achilles got angry and rift away went on a rampage of mindlessly killing people all by himself. Both Odysseus and Achilles played their strengths. Odysseus is a thinker, and creates a well thought through plan before doing anything. Achilles on the other hand relies on his body and doesn't think through andything and just charges.…

    • 104 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Through The Iliad, Homer explores the ancient Greek struggle for mortal men to attain immortality through glory in battle, and even death. Those who achieve great kleos, honor and courage in battle, are respected and loved by their families and kinsmen, while those who turn away from it are scorned and disparaged. Even faced with inevitable death, the epic heroes of The Iliad choose to war so they may overcome the impermanence of mortality and realize immortality in their remembrance.…

    • 732 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Achilles and Odysseus are both heroes of their own epics that Homer wrote. Both heroes have different kinds of strengths. Achilles is the strongman but Odysseus was clever. An Example of Achilles’s strength is that when Achilles stopped fighting in the Trojan war, the Greeks started to lose. An Example of Odysseus’s cleverness is that when trapped in a cave with his men and a cyclops, he named himself “Nobody”. He did this so that if the cyclops called for help, the other cyclops would be confused. Another difference between the two heroes is that Achilles was a warrior and wanted glory for himself and Odysseus was on a journey to get back to his Family.…

    • 234 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Achilles was a mighty Greek soldier who was said to have been dipped in a immortality pool by the gods, but one of his heels. Whenever he went into battle he was invisible and would not die he showed mercy and treated the enemy well as well as he did killing them. Achilles was a great leader until the Battle Of Troy when he was stuck in the heel which killed him near the end of the Trojan War. There is a connection between Odysseus they both are mighty and show no fear and always know what they are going to do they always both plan ahead and know how to outsmart their enemies. They are also great leaders who leads armies to victory. In conclusion Odysseus and Achilles were both…

    • 146 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Achilles and the Greek Era

    • 1662 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Achilles, son of Peleus, King of Myrmidons, and Thetis, sea nymph, comes to Troy as part of a Greek force led by King Agamemnon. Unlike most protagonists, Achilles does not develop significantly over the course of the epic.…

    • 1662 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    In Homer’s book the “Iliad” lays an epic conflict between a man and his inner self that ultimately leads to great loss on a wider scale and not just to himself. Achilles is a man with a superpower but has a severe problem when his ego is insulted. Achilles is driven by rage and anger and will do everything in his power to seek vengeance on anyone whom gets in the way of his pride whether it is friend or foe. One might argue whether Achilles is an epic hero but this answer lies within the reader. Achilles is one man who has the greatest fighting abilities as well as the greatest military prowess of any of the Achaean ranks. The only downfall for Achilles is that his inner force is driven by rage and proves to be devastating to his Achaean comrades.…

    • 787 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Achilles In The Iliad

    • 511 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Aristotle said that the man who is incapable of working in common, or who in his self-sufficiency has no need of others, is no part of the community, and is like a beast or a god. Discuss the character of Achilles in light of this statement. Use plenty of examples, details, references, and quotations in the response.…

    • 511 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Odysseus: the Anti-Hero

    • 1540 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Throughout Homer’s epic The Odyssey, Odysseus is a hero. In all myths and legends, a hero combats the “monsters.” In the typical story a hero is unselfish and fights to protect his people while the monsters are greedy powerful things that antagonize the people. Yet despite this typical storyline, if we read closely, we may conclude that Odysseus is actually the oppressive hero in many of these situations – provoking the “monsters” into fighting. The “monsters” in the Odyssey are innocent creatures that fight to protect themselves. Another reason Odysseus is not a satisfying hero of this story is because the main reason he pursues conflict is to maintain his own personal image and sense of pride, so that when he finally arrives home he will be cherished and honored – an honor that is unnecessary and inauthentic at the cost of so many lives. Even though it may be argued that Odysseus is the biggest hero in the book, there are many more reasons for why he should not be worth our admiration.…

    • 1540 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Gilgamesh and Odyssey

    • 2129 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Gilgamesh is an ancient poem that significantly marked its name as somehow being the first major heroic narrative in the world literature. Fractions of this literature were discovered uniquely carved in tablets even before the Roman, Hebrew and Greek civilization appeared. Gilgamesh depicts a unique and propinquity story of Gilgamesh and his companion Enkidu that transcribed a complex and moving gist of bonds of friendship, of the pursuit for prominence and of the enduring and timeless attempt to escape death, of which considered to be the common fate of humankind. On the other hand, Odyssey, an epic story by Homer, is concerned on the idyllic events proceeded after a war and mainly on the significant return of the heroes who survived the war. The main subject of this written epic work somehow focus on the enduring, drawn-out return of one of the heroes named Odysseus of Ithaca, whose fate is to amble in unknown seas for ten years before he returned to his rocky kingdom. This paper will provide detailed and comprehensive comparison between the two main characters from both epics Gilgamesh and Odyssey. Motivation, goals, self-control, pride, outside influences, behaviors and personal and social relationships will serve as points of comparison being grasped in this paper.…

    • 2129 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Better Essays