Odysseus

Topics: Odyssey, Odysseus, Greek mythology Pages: 3 (1238 words) Published: March 31, 2014
The Odyssey
An epic is described as a long narrative poem with all its elements considered epic including epic heroes, epic plot, epic themes, and epic settings. In The Odyssey, an epic written by Homer, all these elements are used. The Odyssey is a good example of an epic because it incorporates all the necessary components. An epic has many different parts. One of the main parts of an epic is archetypes. Archetypes are characters, situations, and images that are recognizable in many times and cultures. Common archetypes include sea monsters, wicked temptresses, a suitors contest, and epic hero, and loyal servants. In The Odyssey, Odysseus, the main character faces many sea monsters including Scylla, Sirens, and Charybdis. Scylla is a sea monster with six heads. She is portrayed as similar to an octopus. She will not stop attacking her prey until she eats six men. Once she gets one human to eat per head, she will leave them alone. Another sea monster Odysseus' encounters are Sirens. Sirens bewitch men with their voice and lure them to their island. Charmed by their beauty the men all lose their desire to complete their journey. Odysseus was able to avoid the Sirens by putting beeswax in the crew members' ears. The crew then tied Odysseus to the mast of the ship so that he could listen to their voices, but not get away. Finally Odysseus confronts Charybdis. Charybdis is described as a whirlpool. She sucks everything in, and then three times a day spits everything out. If a ship gets stuck in Charybdis they stand no chance of survival. Along with sea monsters, Odysseus also finds himself under the attack of wicked temptresses. Circe and Calypso are considered wicked temptresses in The Odyssey. Circe turns half of Odysseus' crew into pigs and holds them captive. Odysseus comes to the rescue and convinces Circe to turn them back into men. Sadly, they are still held captive for a year. Finally, they leave the island. Next is Calypso. Calypso is an island nymph. She...
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