CU311 The Principles of Infection Prevention and Control
Explain employees’ roles and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection. To ensure that their own health and hygiene not pose a risk to service users and colleagues To ensure effective hand washing is carried out when working with service users, giving personal care, handling/preparing food. To ensure they use protective clothing provided when needed and appropriate. Explain employers’ responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control infection. making sure employees are aware of the health and safety aspects of their work (e.g. posting information on notice boards, keeping an information file such as COSHH, training, and providing supervision)They need to keep records in relation to infection control using appropriate documentation to ensure that the relevant standards, policies and guidelines are available within the workplace. 2.1 Outline current legislation and regulatory body standards which are relevant to the prevention and control of infection. The Health and Social Care Act 2008; Code of Practice for health and adult social care on the prevention and control of infections and related guidance. To help providers of healthcare, adult social care, (and others) plan and implement how they prevent and control infections. It includes criteria for CQC to take into account when assessing compliance with the registration requirement on cleanliness and infection control. Legislation, regulations and guidance that govern infection prevention and control. Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, Management of Health and Safety at Work Act (amended 1994) The Public Health (Control of Diseases) Act 1984
Food Safety Act 1990
The Public Health (Infectious Diseases) Regulation 1988
The Food Safety (General Food Hygiene) Regulations (Department of Health 1995) The Environment Protection (Duty of Care) Regulations 1991
Health Protection Agency Bill
2.2 Describe local and organizational policies relevant to the prevention and control of infection. The following local and organizational policies relevant to the prevention and control of infection are The Public Health (control of disease) Act 1984, Social Care Act, the NICE guidelines and also company policies and procedures that relate to infection prevention and control. For example with regards to own company, it states that “Any persons suffering from an infectious or contagious disease must either have clearance rom own doctor or seek guidance from your line manager. 3.1 Describe procedures and systems relevant to the prevention and control of infection. Procedures and systems relevant to the prevention of control infection ae following companies policies and procedures which relate to correct hand washing procedure, wearing correct PPE for example gloves, aprons and protective clothing, the correct disposal of waste and using the correct cleaning equipment when cleaning spillages, surfaces and equipment. 3.2 Explain the potential impact of an outbreak of infection on the individual and the organization. The outbreak of infection can be fatal if care is not taken; for instance an outbreak of MRSA that can be resistant to most antibiotics can be fatal. The outbreak of an infection has consequences for individuals, staff and the organization. It can cause ill health to all concerned and it can also impact emotionally because people that acquire infection relate it to being dirty and some infections may require people to be isolated from others for a period of time. The organization could lose money if most of the staff are off sick and as they will need to employ more staff which they will be paying to cover in addition to staff that are off sick. The organization could also be fined by not complying with the law and in turn this will damage their reputation. 4.1 define the term risk.
Risk means the exposure to the chance of injury or loss.
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