University of Phoenix
June 1, 2015
Nutritional Needs Ad
The fetal origins hypothesis proposes that certain genes in the fetus may or may not be “turned on” depending on the environment that the mother is exposed to while pregnant (Hampton, 2004). Healthy embryo and fetal development is highly dependent upon the growth rate and the complexity of the easiness of how deficit any nutrients needed during the stages of development could affect the delicate process. Folic acid is important for the first four weeks because the central nervous system is forming. Lacking of folic acid could potentially result in neural tube defects. Iodine in the early stage is important for brain development and without it there could be damage to the brain leading to effects like mental retardation. The could also be other nutrient deficiencies that are less damaging but would still impact the health of a child during their life. Even in the womb the fetus is able to store nutrients such as iron, vitamins D and B12, and fat that will last during the last few weeks to help with development outside of the mother.
There are many conditions associated with gestational diabetes because of poor nutrition. In normal conditions during pregnancy the mother's body adapts to make sure that she is receiving enough glucose continuously for the baby therefore becoming insulin resistant. Leaving gestational diabetes untreated leads to risks of being stillbirth or even macrosomia. Furthermore, studies show that as many as 70% of all women with gestational diabetes will eventually be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (Kim et al., 2002).
Bad and Good Nutrition
All pregnant women at some point has been advised to
avoid certain foods that are considered to pose any type of health risks for pregnant women and their developing babies. Caffeine has always been an important concern during pregnancy....
References: Hampton, T. (2004). Fetal environment may have profound long-
term consequences for health. JAMA: Journal of the Ameri-
can Medical Association, 292, 1285–1286.
Kim, C., Newton, K. M., & Knopp, R. H. (2002). Gestational
diabetes and the incidence of type 2 diabetes: A systematic
review. Diabetes Care, 25(10), 1862–1868.
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