November 14, 2014
NS3326D: Professional Role Development
“No one was ever able to teach who was not able to learn”- Florence Nightingale. A nursing preceptor’s role is to guide new nurses in the transition from nursing student to a professional nurse by acting as a role model (Potter, Perry, Stockert, & Hall, 2013). A professor or an instructor can be defined as being a preceptor because their role is to guide, teach and prepare their students about particular information that is vital to surviving in the adult world. A registered nurse would be an example of a preceptor in the nursing field because they have a license to practice. “The nursing preceptor arranges for clinical space and a variety of clinical patient encounters within rotation to ensure the student receives a wide clinical experience” (Nursing, 2010). Preceptors are experts in nursing because they have years of experience and have a significant amount of knowledge. They are professionals who take on the responsibility to train and prepare new graduate nurses to seek more competencies in their area of interest in the health care setting. Discussion
Nurse preceptors can have a good reputation or a bad reputation. In order for a preceptor to be effective in their roles, one has to support a new nurse through the phases of transition: honeymoon, reality shock, recovery and resolution (Garneau, & Zerwekh, 2012). A survey of new graduate nurses was conducted by the University of Memphis about what traits were most important for a nurse preceptor. According to this survey, a nurse preceptor “allows hands on experience; welcomes interns and is prepared and ready to precept; remembers what it was like to be an intern; patient, supportive and encouraging; knowledgeable, confident, and enthusiastic about continuing their own learning; energetic and enthusiastic about one’s career; models good organization and time management; has high expectations of intern; has integrity and respect for all people; and demonstrates professional ethics” (Characteristics, 2014). Nursing preceptors are responsible for molding, shaping, educating and mentoring students into nurses (Scott, 2005). A preceptor needs to be a planner, coach, advocate, evaluator, cheerleader and role model for new nurses, regardless of their level on Benner’s model. Goals
There are many goals of preceptor programs. Preceptor programs assist students in making a smooth transition from novice to an entry level position, such as a beginner. A smooth transition focuses on improving patient care, skills and reducing the occurrence of role practice (Ulrich, 2012). Another goal is for the students to gain clinical experience and critical thinking skills by practicing treatments, planning, organizing and acquiring priority-setting skills under supervision. Nurse preceptor programs provide that smooth transition by requiring numerous clinical hours and completing competency skills by providing learning opportunities, in which will follow accountability and growth professionally. Nurse Preceptors in relation to Benner’s Model
The Benner’s Model helps determine what level of competency a nurse has. It is made up of novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert. A novice could be a nursing student who has had no experience. A novice will follow rules and procedures step by step. An advanced beginner can demonstrate performance but still rely on past experiences to perform practices. A competent nurse has a few years of experience in the health field (Benner, 1984). They may be able to practice the same skills as a proficient nurse, but they lack the speed that a proficient nurse displays. "The expert performer no longer relies on an analytic principle (rule, guideline, and maxim) to connect her or his understanding of the situation to an appropriate action (Benner, 1984). Nurse...
References: Characteristics of Effective Preceptors. (n.d). Retrieved November 16, 2014, from http://www.memphis.edu/hss/clnt/pdfs/MS-ClinicalNutrition-PreceptorCharacteristics.pdf
Nursing Preceptor Training. (2010, May 4). Retrieved November 9, 2014, from http://www.ehow.com/about_6464443_nursing-preceptor-training.html?ref=Track2&utm_source=ask
Garneau, A. & Zerwekh, J., (2012). Nursing today: transitions and trends (7th ed.) St.Louis, MO: Elsevier
Potter, P.A., & Perry, A.G., Stockert, P.A., & Hall, A.M. (2013) Fundamentals of Nursing (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier
Scott, K. (2005, March 2). The Effective Nurse Preceptor. Advance Health Network for Nurses.
Ulrich, B. (2012). The Preceptor Role. In Mastering precepting a nurse 's handbook for success. Indianapolis, IN: Sigma Theta Tau International.
Benner, P. (1984). From novice to expert: Excellence and power in clinical nursing practice. Menlo Park, CA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company
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