Running head: LEADERSHIP STYLES
Nursing leadership styles have changed over time as leadership theories have developed (Marquis & Hutson, 2009). The 1900’s brought about many theories and theorists on leadership and management styles. The new century has also brought new theories and leadership styles to nursing care (Marquis & Hutson, 2009). Two different leadership styles, which were first identified in 2004 by a noted scholar named Burns, are transactional and transformational leadership (Marquis & Hutson, 2009). Transactional leadership is a more traditional style of leadership and it is where the leader sets goals, gives directions, and uses a reward system to motivate employee’s behaviors related to meeting goals (Marquis & Hutson, 2009). Transformational leadership involves a commitment, a clear vision of the future and involves the leader engaging or motivating others to strive towards a vision. (Marquis & Hutson, 2009). After researching different theories and styles of leadership, it is determined that my style would be identified as transformational with qualities of the democratic leadership style. Qualities of a transformational leader include identification of common values, commitment, and inspiration, has proactive vision, evaluates effects and empowers others (Marquis & Huston, 2009). Democratic leadership style, which was identified by Lewin, White and Lippitt in 1951-1960 according to Marquis & Huston (2009). The democratic leader displays the following traits: less control, motivational awards are given, decisions are made together, team emphasis and constructive criticism is used (Marquis & Huston, 2009). “A team is defined in the Oxford dictionary as a set of people working together to achieve a common aim” (Clegg, 2000, p. 1). Clegg continues to state that “in health care that common aim is defined as high quality, individualized health care” (Clegg, 2000, p. 1). My philosophy of nursing leadership is...
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