Nursing Interventions * Assess for swaying, poor balance, weakness, and fear of falling while elders stand/walk. Refer to physical therapy if needed.
Rationale: Fear of falling and repeat falling is common in the elderly population. Balance rehabilitation provides individualized treatments for persons with various deficits associated with balance. * When mobilizing the elderly patient, watch for orthostatic hypotension accompanied by dizziness and fainting.
Rationale: Postural hypotension can be detected in up to 30% of elderly patients. These methods can help prevent falls. * Encourage patients to wear glasses and use walking aids when ambulating.
Rationale: The use of walking and visual aids will help prevent falls and assist patients with an unsteady gait. * Complete a fall-risk assessment for older adults in acute care using a valid and reliable tool such as the Hendrich 2 Fall Risk Model.
Rationale: It is quick to administer and provides a determination of risk for falling based on gender, mental and emotional status, symptoms of dizziness, and known categories of medications increasing risk. This tool screens for primary prevention of falls and is integral in a post-fall assessment for the secondary prevention of falls.
5 measureable expected outcomes related to patient safety may caregiver * Client and family will change environment to minimize the risk for falls in