Nuclear Proliferation

Topics: Nuclear weapon, Nuclear proliferation, International Atomic Energy Agency Pages: 6 (1914 words) Published: January 18, 2014
Research Paper
Social Issues in Constant Discussion
Daniel A. R.
January 16, 2013
Nuclear Proliferation
[1] The birth of the Atomic Era was one of the most undesirable events in history of mankind since it was time in which countries focused investigation on fissionable material to use as weapons of mass destruction. However, even if it was seen as an undesirable event mostly by common civilians, it was also, on the other hand, seen as an era of development of modern warfare for governments, and these weapons were considered crucial in order to end wars such as in World War II when United States dropped two bombs, one in Nagasaki and another one in Hiroshima. This is why nuclear proliferation has been categorized as a social issue; it has been constantly discussed between social entities (and individuals) and why it has been stopped by the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to take special consideration.

The Initiation of the Development of Nuclear Weapons
[7] Development of atomic weapons is crucial in modern warfare and countries even have special research teams focused on the investigation of fissionable material for its use as weapons and its beginning has been traced back to the outbreak of World War II. Scientists Leo Szilard and Albert Einstein fled from Germany and sent a letter in 1939 to President Theodore Roosevelt about the potential that a new weapon they were developing had; the weapon was an atomic bomb. Their weapon could balance powers with Germany since they both doubted that Germany was already working on the development of these weapons. After Roosevelt agreed to help them with their proposal, they allied with United Kingdom and both launched a secret project that would last four and a half years, the project was named “The Manhattan Project”. With Robert Oppenheimer as the leader of the project, the bomb was tested and its power even offset the expectations of its developers. The first atomic bomb was tested on July 16, 1945; however, by this time, Germany had already surrendered, but Japan did not. President Harry S. Truman of United States decided to drop “fat man” and “little boy” over Nagasaki and Hiroshima on August 6 and 9. The power of the bombs was approximately that of 12.5 kiloton (for “little boy”) and 22 kilotons (for “fat guy”). (Olav Njølstad, Nobelprize.org, 2003) After people witnessed or became aware of the destructiveness that these bombs implied, they began to fear their production. The Expansion of Nuclear Weapons

[7] After the power and potential of the nuclear weapons was noticed, the big countries agreed that the proliferation of these had to be stopped; but the efforts of the countries were to no avail since the ones which were already in possession of these weapons and/or nuclear weapon advancement programs were not willing to cede them.(Olav Njølstad, Nobelprize.org, 2003) [7] Between 1945, the end of World War II, and 1968, the powerful countries feared the potential of the power that United States possessed and began developing furthermore the fission bombs. Soviet Union, after they saw the failure in trying to ban the expansion of these weapons, launched a secret program with a blueprint of the American bomb dropped in Nagasaki that they acquired through espionage; the program was focused on developing more destructive or powerful atomic bombs. When Soviet Union was considered a nuclear power, President Truman decided to launch a program to develop the “Hydrogen Bomb” or “H-bomb”, using a single hydrogen atom and nuclear fusion to make a reaction that would chain several explosions that could lead to tremendous destruction. By 1954, both, Soviet Union and United States, had tested successfully their Hydrogen bombs and the destructiveness was a thousand times more powerful than that of the fission bombs used in World War II; however, the most powerful bomb, the “Monster Bomb”, was tested in Novaya Zemlya on October 30, 1961, with a power around fifty megatons of...
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