Nuclear Energy as the Most Practical Alternative for Industrialized Countries in the Last Thirty Years Students: Nguyen Van Anh
Le Thi Toan
Instructor: Ho Quynh Giang
Class: 4A11, English Department, Hanoi University
Table of Contents
Solution to Global Energy Crises
an Environmentally Friendly Energy
Potentially Fatal Risks and Catastrophes
Nuclear Energy as the Most Practical Alternative for Industrialized Countries in the Last Thirty Years The industrial revolution in the twentieth century changed humankind’s civilization significantly with a variety of advanced technologies, especially the great breakthroughs in nuclear energy. In the survey of the international atomic energy agency (IAEA) and the world health organization (WHO), some countries with insubstantial resources such as France, Japan, Sweden, Switzerland, ect. heavily relied on nuclear energy and the share of nuclear energy for electricity generation in these countries is expected to grow to 70-80% by 2000 . According to Passero , nuclear energy should be supported by environmentalists to reduce global warming and to meet the increasing global demand for electricity. While some antinuclear scientists insist that nuclear industry is a misleading propaganda campaign , there is a greater number of people believing in the perspective of nuclear energy. In an opinion poll in Sweden, where they voted 20 years ago to close the nuclear power plants, 80 % were in favor of nuclear . In other words, nuclear energy should be more fostered. Firstly, nuclear power is the answer for the ever-increasing demand for energy of human being in the near future. According to Ritch , within the next 50 years, the global energy consumption would increase by 100% or even 200%. Experts believed that the current world oil, coal, and natural gas reserves were not enough to supply the expanding demand . Moreover, according to Povey and Wynn , renewables, wind power, solar power, tide power, etc. cannot provide enough energy to meet the energy demand compared with nuclear power. Thus, before the absolute depletion, it was vital to find new sources of energy in which nuclear energy would be an indispensable source of energy in the century ahead . Nuclear power, in fact, has shown its efficiency through a large number of successful nuclear power plants in many countries around the world. In the United States, nuclear power provides 21% of the whole generated electricity while in many other countries including Belgium, France and Spain, the number was up to more than 25% . Therefore, it is likely that the increasing use of nuclear energy will be the most significant change in the energy source supply pattern . Secondly, nuclear power is an environmentally friendly energy. According to Bily , nuclear energy has already made sizeable contribution to the reduction of air pollution because “its generation emits no greenhouse gases, which contribute to global warming”. Mounfield also stated that for every kilowatt-hour of electricity produced, nuclear power plants release less 4% of the carbon dioxide levels than coal-fired power stations do . Consequently, nuclear energy is considered as a proven alternative to all other primary fuels which are incapable of supplying a significant share of today’s energy needs (gas, oil and coal) without adding to the carbon emission . In fact, in 2002, the United States avoided the release of 189.5 million tons of carbon by using nuclear energy rather than harnessing coal . The successful operation of 103 nuclear power plants, in addition, prevented the United States from releasing 0.6 trillion kilograms of carbon dioxide each year . Thus, it is possible that the double investment in nuclear energy production would significantly reduce total emissions nationwide . Therefore, nuclear power will be more likely to give...
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