Mughal Administration

Topics: Mughal Empire, Shah Jahan, Jahangir Pages: 17 (5733 words) Published: February 9, 2010
|by | |Abdur Rahim Sajid | |M.Phil-I | | | |Submitted to | | | |Mr. Qamar Abbas |


Beaconhouse National University,
Zafar Ali Road, Lahore


Sr. No. Title Page No.

1.The Mughal Empire1-2

2.Mughal Emperors2-3

3.Nature of Mughal Administration3-4

4.Administration in Mughal Empire4-5

5.Administration under Sher Shah5-6

6.Central Administration6-9

9 The Emperor6

10 Wakil and Wazir7

11 Diwani Kul7

12 Mir Bakhshi8

13 Mir Saman9

14 Sadr-us Sudur9

15 Qazi-ul Qazzat9

7.Provincial Administration10-11

17 Provincial Governor10

18 Diwan10

19 Bakhshi11

20 Darogha-i Dak and the Secret Services11

8.Local Administration12-13

22 Sarkars12

23 Faujdar12

24 Amalguzar13

25 Thanedar13

9.Pargana Administration13

10.Town, Fort and Port Administration13-14

28 kotwal13

29 Qiladar14

30 Port Administration14

11.Military Organization14-16


The Mughal Empire

India in the 16th century had numerous unpopular rulers, both Muslim and Hindu, with an absence of common bodies of laws or institutions. External developments also played a role in the rise of the Mughal Empire. The circumnavigation of Africa by the Portuguese explorer “Vasco da Gama” in 1498 allowed Europeans to challenge Arab control of the trading routes between Europe and Asia. In Central Asia and Afghanistan, shifts in power pushed Babur of Ferghana (in present-day Uzbekistan) southward, first to Kabul and then to India. The Mughal Empire lasted for more than three centuries. The Mughal Empire was one of the largest centralized states in pre modern history and was the precursor to the British Indian Empire.

The Mughals were the last powerful descendants of the Mongols; descended from Mongol stock in Turkestan, in the early 1500's they engaged in the last series of conquests to bear the Mongol name. They were, however, quite distant from their original ancestors. The Mughals had become Islamic, for the Middle Eastern Mongol invaders had converted to Islam long before. They had also thoroughly absorbed Middle Eastern culture, especially Persian culture (the Persian word for Mongol is "Mughal," from which we get the English word, "mogul," meaning "tycoon"), and their wars of invasion spread Persian culture throughout India. Much of Persian culture was based on Shi'a Islam and its mystical doctrine of a Divine Light present in the earth in the form of the Imam, or religious guide on earth. It was equally influenced by Sufi mysticism, a branch of Islamic religion that stressed the mystical union of human with god. Much of Persian culture was also derived from Mongolian culture, particularly art, which was based on Chinese models of painting. In many ways, then, the Mughal invasion of India and its importation of Persian culture was a roundabout...

References: o Aziz, Abdul. (2002). The Mughal Court and its Institutions. Al-Faisal Lahore.
o Moss, Peter. (2002). Oxford History for Pakistan, Book Two. Oxford University Press.
o Watson, Francis. (1999). India, A Concise History. C.S. Graphics.
o Qureshi, Dr. I.H. (1966). The Administration of the Mughal Empire. The Inter Services Press Ltd. Karachi-4.
o Antonova, A., Levin, Bongard & Kotovsky, G. (1979). A History of India. Progressive Publishers.
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